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The arduous rehab getting Ben Foden ready for the World Cup

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first_imgListening back to that and talking positively with Farrell are happy distractions from the arduous and sometimes painful rehab. But if he makes his second World Cup it will all be worth it.Ben Foden is an Emirates ambassador for Rugby, encouraging young fans to find the flag hidden in Birmingham today to win the chance to lead a team out at Rugby World Cup 2015. Visit Emirates Facebook, Twitter of Instagram to follow the #EmiratesFlag LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS If Ben Foden is fit in time for the Rugby World Cup, and selected, it won’t so much be a miracle as the blessed result of some tortuous rehabilitation for a damaged anterior cruciate ligament in his left knee.In announcing his World Cup training squad, England head coach Stuart Lancaster threw Foden a lifeline, singling the Northampton Saints full-back out as someone who was still in his thoughts, despite missing the second half of the season and not being named in the coach’s 50-man group. It’s already a pretty busy squad that is fit and raring to go, but pushed on by hard work abroad and the faith of England’s coaches, Foden is targeting England’s first warm-up game against France on 15 August.“The England lads will have four weeks of conditioning and not rugby or tackling,” Foden tells Rugby World of England’s upcoming training camps. “Obviously for me it’s a race against time (to get there). I’d spoken to Andy Farrell and to join in with the guys I have to be at the right level. I’ve just done my first week of running, coming into my second week now, and to get up to the live stuff with the others I need to be accelerating and decelerating at 100%. But the knee feels good.”Foden will have the disappointment of continuing to train in isolation a lot of the time, as he has done for the last few months, as many Saints team-mates take in a holiday following their Aviva Premiership semi-final defeat to Saracens. But he has been through worst on his quest to regain fitness. He spent a fortnight in Philadelphia with Bill Knowles, the man who helped rehabilitate Tiger Woods, Jonny Wilkinson and many downhill skiers. It could be rough at times.“Bill got physios to get right into the muscle tissue. It wasn’t pleasant, even if it was useful. They would have metal tools digging into you.“What Bill does is let you know where your body is at. So it’s not just about your knee, but your hips and your lower back. I’d hurt my ACL but I’d also previously hurt the PCL in my right knee. Your body has different ways of breaking down. So a lot was about letting you know how to run again.“This was about getting the full range of movement of your knee over your foot, making sure your running angles are good. Our physio came out for the second week and we’d send videos back so we could see everything.” Back in white: Foden in action for England in a non-capped match in 2014 center_img TAGS: Northampton Saints Ben Foden prepares for the Emirates Find the Flag competition in Birmingham, which will see him hide the flag in the city today for fans to find it, snap a selfie and win the chance to lead out a team at Rugby World Cup 2015Foden admits that this ordeal has forced him to re-evaluate the way he treats his body. He is coming up for 30 and if he is to play until he is 35 he must stop taking the little efforts for granted. The prodding, pain and rehabilitation surely makes sure of that. Look at his current regime.He explains that to get where he needs to be he is doing a lot of basic mechanics work. A lot of lunging, that will hopefully build up into squats. He is doing deadlifts with a hexagonal bar. He is doing a lot of pool work that “feels like I am drowning a lot of the time”, as he splashes around for a conditioning session with modified flippers on his feet. He is doing some bike work with intense sessions so that “my lungs are still there and I’m not plodding when I do get back out there”. He is working his way into a few more pitch-based running sessions, with the ultimate goal of getting back to his explosive best; the level of exciting play that saw him come into consideration in January before injury knocked him out of Six Nations contention.Of course, while all of this toil sounds tough and at times frustrating, it is the faith of England’s elite coaches that keeps him going.“When I got the phone call from the medics to tell me I’d done my ACL, my heart broke in my chest a little. I was pretty down in the dumps. But Lanny (Lancaster) called me and gave me something to aim for – 15 August and that first warm-up, aimed at the World Cup. I’ve still got that voicemail saved on my phone.”last_img read more

Bryan Habana dumps Mose Tuiali’i

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first_imgWednesday May 16, 2007 Bryan Habana dumps Mose Tuiali’i This is one of many beauties from the Super 14 Semi Final between the Bulls & The Crusaders, which the Bulls went on to win.Huge defence and pin point kicking won the Bulls the match against the normally untouchable men from Christchurch.Bryan Habana has come out with a number of telling tackles in this seasons competition, making him a much more valuable asset than just an attacking wing. He’s shown that offensive defence can win a side a game on the right day. Time: 0:41ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Related Articles 81 WEEKS AGO scottish prop saves fire victim 84 WEEKS AGO New Rugby X tournament insane 112 WEEKS AGO Vunipola stands by his comments supporting… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyWrinkle Remedy Stuns TV Judges: Forget Surgery, Do This Once DailySmart Life Reports10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueey30+ Everyday Items With A Secret Hidden PurposeNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel ADVERTISEMENT Trending 1 WEEK AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 Great Tries 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 1 WEEK AGO Veainu finishes superb try after octopus style offload from Waisea 2 WEEKS AGO FULL MATCH REPLAY: Huge stars on show when All Blacks host Pacific Island XV in 2004 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Hooker produces ridiculous speed to score 60-metre wonder try for Hurricanes View All Big Hits & Dirty Play 1 DAY AGO Awesome new Etzebeth montage will have Springboks fans psyched for Summer Lions tour 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO AWESOME video shows the very biggest and best tackles of the 2020/21 season View All See It To Believe It 4 DAYS AGO Cheetah racer Habana reveals what was actually going through his mind that day 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash View All Funnies 2 WEEKS AGO Joe Marler elated in special interview as fans return to The Stoop 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: One of the luckiest and most bizarre tries you will EVER see 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Reds players caught out in hilarious celebration blooper vs Chiefs 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Faz, Piutau and Burns star in hilarious try fail compilation 4 WEEKS AGO MLR: Giltinis howler sees try overruled despite attempts to celebrate View All Amateur 32 WEEKS AGO Viral video of Scottish club brawl goes down a storm with rugby community 69 WEEKS AGO RUGBYDUMP BLITZ: This Best of the Week round up is sure to entertain you 69 WEEKS AGO RD BLITZ – Disaster, just when it looked so promising… 69 WEEKS AGO That glorious moment that will live on forever, like it or not 69 WEEKS AGO RD Blitz – PROP’S Lionel Messi wizardy creates incredible try View All Player Features 16 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bumping off tacklers and taking high balls, Rob Kearney had an impressive Super Rugby debut 21 WEEKS AGO Brian Moore on money in modern rugby and how it should never be compared to ‘outlier’ football 22 WEEKS AGO Tuisova’s wrecking ball montage will make you grateful you never made it as a pro 28 WEEKS AGO New Zealand rugby pod admit Owen Farrell is world class 29 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bath prop launches Amazon documentary focused on those from non-traditional backgrounds View All Related Content from the RugbyPass Network ‘What you do today is how you’re going to be remembered’: Spirit of Rugby – Ep 5 In Spirit of Rugby episode 5, Jim Hamilton talks Lions with Matt Dawson, Jeremy Guscott, Rob Kearney, Simon Shaw, Tom Croft and John Bentley. Watch: Reforging the Steelers | Episode 2 | RugbyPass Original Documentary In Episode 2 of Reforging the Steelers, we follow the team through rounds two to four as they try to get their season on track after an opening loss to competition powerhouses Tasman. Blues secure Trans-Tasman final place despite not scoring in second half versus Force The Blues have secured their place in the inaugural Super Rugby Trans-Tasman final with a 31-21 victory over the Western Force in Auckland. ‘I’d pent-up frustration, a lot I probably didn’t realise’: Marcus Watson’s emotional Wasps return Set to turn 30 later this month, Marcus Watson had an early birthday present last weekend when he finally made it back into the Wasps XV. Gavin Coombes grabs four tries as Munster easy to victory over Zebre Gavin Coombes scored four tries at Zebre as Munster secured second place in the northern section of the Guinness PRO14 Rainbow Cup. Leinster finish with Rainbow flourish as fans attend RDS for first time in 16 months Retiring duo Scott Fardy and Michael Bent bowed out on a winning note as Leinster finished the Rainbow Cup with a victory over Dragons. Bryan Habana dumps Mose Tuiali’i | RugbyDump – Rugby News & Videos RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Sitemap Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Sign In Username or Email Password Stay logged in Forgot password Thank you for registering Click here to login Register Register now for RugbyDump commenting & enewsletter. * Required fields. Username * Password * Email * Password Repeat * Please send me news, information and special offers from RugbyDump By clicking register you agree to our Privacy Policylast_img read more

Bangladeshi reporter beaten nearly to death after covering local corruption

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first_imgBangladesh is ranked 151st out of 180 countries and territories in RSF’s 2020 World Press Freedom Index. May 19, 2021 Find out more Disturbing level of violence Follow the news on Bangladesh Bangladeshi writer and blogger dies in detention July 6, 2020 Bangladeshi reporter beaten nearly to death after covering local corruption BangladeshAsia – Pacific Condemning abuses CorruptionCovid19Violence News Members of the Bangladesh Ansar paramilitary group attacked photojournalist Rubel Rashid and broke his camera when he tried to photograph a scuffle between them and people seeking Covid-19 tests at Mugda General Hospital in Dhaka last week. Joyeeta Roy, another photographer, fled the scene when she was also attacked. “The UP chairman was angry that my son had published a report about his corruption and nepotism, and that’s why he orchestrated the attack,” he told RSF. Mial was arrested on the evening of 4 July but was released on bail yesterday. News News to go further February 26, 2021 Find out more Shariful Alam Chowdhury was taken in a critical state to Cumilla Medical Hospital (photo: The Daily Star). Newscenter_img Bangladeshi reporter fatally shot by ruling party activists RSF_en “We call on the judges of the Cumilla court in charge of this case to do everything possible to ensure that the instigator of this unacceptable attack is tried and punished, along with the perpetrators,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “The level of violence targeting reporters in Bangladesh is reaching disturbing levels. We remind Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s government of the urgency of overhauling the country’s legislation, including adopting a mechanism for protecting journalists.” They dragged him outside and proceeded to beat him with steel bars, machetes and hammers. At least seven of them took care to ensure that both of his arms and legs were broken in several places. After they left, he was taken to a hospital in the city of Cumilla where his condition has not yet stabilized. Help by sharing this information BangladeshAsia – Pacific Condemning abuses CorruptionCovid19Violence Receive email alerts Chowdhury’s parents and sister also sustained several injuries when they tried to intervene during the beating. When contacted by RSF, his father said the beating was clearly carried out at the behest of Shahjahan Mial, the chairman of the “union parishad” (village council) in the village of Darera. RSF and four other international and Bangladeshi organizations that defend the freedom to inform addressed an open letter to the prime minister last month in response to the surge in attacks on journalists. February 22, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls on the judicial authorities in the city of Cumilla, in eastern Bangladesh, to ensure that all those responsible for the severe beating that newspaper reporter Shariful Chowdhury received on the apparent orders of a village official are brought to justice. A reporter for the local Daily Samakal newspaper, Shariful Alam Chowdhury was nearly killed by the ten thugs who arrived at his home in Muradnagar, on the outskirts of Cumilla, 100 km east of Dhaka, at around midday on 4 July. RSF calls for the release of Bangladeshi journalist Rozina Islam, unfairly accused of espionage Organisation last_img read more

Appeal court quashes blogger Wael Abbas’ conviction

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first_img January 22, 2021 Find out more EgyptMiddle East – North Africa Organisation Help by sharing this information EgyptMiddle East – North Africa News RSF_en Reporters Without Borders hails today’s decision by a court in the Cairo district of Hadayek El Qobba to acquit blogger Wael Abbas on appeal and quash the six-month sentence that had been imposed by a lower court.“This is a victory for netizens who express their views freely online and a setback for the government and its strategy of harassment and intimidating its critics,” Reporters Without Borders said. “We now call for justice to be rendered to the blogger Kareem Amer, who has already served two thirds of his jail sentence and who should be freed unconditionally.”——17.02.2010: Authorities urged to stop persecuting leading blogger Wael AbbasLeading Egyptian blogger Wael Abbas could see his six-month prison sentence upheld tomorrow if his appeal is rejected by the court that is due to hear it tomorrow. The sentence was imposed on 11 November by a court in the North Cairo suburb of Hadayek El Qobba after it convicted him on a charge of damaging an Internet cable.The damage was in fact caused last April by a policeman and his brother (the cable’s actual user), who were also responsible for a physical attack on Abbas.“We call for this ridiculous conviction to be overturned at once and for Wael Abbas to be acquitted,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The real aim of this trumped-up charge was to silence a well-known blogger and prevent him from continuing to expose things that embarrass the authorities. The government is showing that it is openly hostile to the free flow of information online and will stop at nothing to control it.”The persecution of Abbas is typical of the way bloggers are constantly harassed by the authorities, who fear their ability to rally the regime’s critics and galvanise them into action. Abbas has been well known ever since he posted videos of torture in Egyptian police stations on his blog.One netizen is currently imprisoned in Egypt. It is the blogger Kareem Amer, who was arrested in 2006 for posting a critical comment on an Internet forum and who was sentenced in 2007 to three years in prison on a charge of insulting the president and another year in prison on a charge of inciting hatred of Islam.Describing the case against Wael Abbas as a “manipulation of the law,” the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information today called on free speech activists in Egypt and the rest of the world to express their support for him. to go further Follow the news on Egypt Newscenter_img February 6, 2021 Find out more February 18, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Appeal court quashes blogger Wael Abbas’ conviction Al Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein back home after four years in prison News News February 1, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Less press freedom than ever in Egypt, 10 years after revolution Detained woman journalist pressured by interrogator, harassed by prison stafflast_img read more

Call for imprisoned journalists to be released on medical grounds

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first_img July 6, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Call for imprisoned journalists to be released on medical grounds May 6, 2020 Find out more Reporters Without Borders voiced concern today about the health and safety of Cuba’s imprisoned journalists, especially Normando Hernández González, the editor of the Colegio de Periodistas Independientes de Camagüey, an independent news agency, who is still waiting for the special medical release his wife requested for him a year ago because of his poor health.This concern is heightened by the news of the death on 24 June of 47-year-old dissident Manuel Acosta in Cienfuegos provincial prison, in the centre of the country, where he had been held for three days for “pre-criminal dangerousness.” The authorities said he killed himself.“How long do the Cuban authorities plan to keep people in prison for working as journalists whose state of health has become incompatible with imprisonment?” Reporters Without Borders asked. “Are they waiting for Hernández to try to take his own life before finally giving him the special release on health grounds that he has been demanding for the past year.”The press freedom organisation added: “Subjecting ailing people to such treatment, or rather lack of treatment, is to kill them slowly. The gesture we are waiting for from the authorities is not a political one. It is purely humanitarian. The dialogue which Spanish foreign minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos has begun with the Cuban government should focus on this emergency situation.”The state of health of Hernández, who is serving a 25-year sentence imposed during the “Black Spring” crackdown of March 2003, is becoming more and more alarming, says his wife, Yaraí Reyes. She found him in very poor shape when she visited him on 21 June. He weighed just 53 kilos. His ailments include severe intestinal problems that prevent him eating normally. He also has tuberculosis for which he is not getting the necessary treatment. He has refused to eat several times since 4 March. Reyes requested a special medical release permit on his behalf on 7 July 2006. Without success.Pedro Argüelles Morán, a journalist serving a 20-year prison sentence, went on hunger strike on 16 June for the right to have the medicines which his family bring him. He was arrested in 2003 at his home in the central city of Ciego de Ávila, where he ran the Cooperativa Avileña de Periodistas Independientes (CAPI), a cooperative of independent journalists.The prison authorities on the southwestern Isla de la Juventud have been refusing to give independent journalist Fabio Prieto Llorente the treatment he needs for serious pulmonary complications since 10 June. His family says he was hospitalised in May with acute pains in the chest and back and low blood pressure, but the authorities returned him to prison before he had completed all the necessary medical tests. Prieto, who is from Isla de la Juventud, has been serving a 20-year sentence since the “Black Spring.”José Ubaldo Izquierdo Hernández of the Grupo de Trabajo Decoro news agency is currently in Guanajay prison in Havana province, where he is serving a 16-year sentence imposed in 2003. He is in very poor health and was hospitalised for two weeks in February for circulation problems that caused severe cramping. The doctors prescribed a strict diet that excluded the standard prison food. The prison authorities ignored their recommendation.Independent journalist Víctor Rolando Arroyo Carmona has been waiting for months for a dentist to repair two broken teeth. After repeated requests, the prison authorities let him have a mouth X-ray but nothing else, his wife, Elsa González, said. He also has high blood pressure but the prison authorities claim they do not have a way to measure it. Arrested on 18 March 2003 at his home in the western city of Pinar del Río, Arroyo is serving a 26-year sentence (one of the longest imposed on a journalist).The health of José Luis García Paneque, the head of Libertad, an independent news agency based in the eastern town of Las Tunas, has also deteriorated in prison. Held in Las Mangas, near his home town, he was taken to a hospital in Bayamo with severe abdominal pains in June and doctors reportedly found a kidney cyst. His weight has fallen from 86 to 50 kilos because of an intestinal ailment. He has been serving a 24-year sentence since 2003.Pablo Pacheco Avila, a journalist with the CAPI cooperative who has seen serving a 20-year sentence since April 2003, was returned to prison on 9 June 2006 after 52 days of intensive treatment in the Ciego de Ávila provincial hospital. He was hospitalised again on 26 April of this year for surgery to his right knee.A political and trade union activist and correspondent in Colón (in Matanzas province) for the news agency Patria, Iván Hernández Carrillo, began a hunger strike on 25 June in “Guamajal Hombres” prison because he is being mistreated by his guards. He is serving a 25-year sentence.Cuba’s prisons are currently holding 25 dissident journalists, 20 of whom were arrested during the “Black Spring” and were given sentences ranging from 14 to 27 years in jail. After China, Cuba has been the world’s second biggest prison for journalists since 2003. RSF_en Cuba and its Decree Law 370: annihilating freedom of expression on the Internet Reporters Without Borders fears for the safety of Cuba’s imprisoned journalists after a dissident died in a cell on 24 June. The organisation is also worried about their health and calls on the authorities to release them on medical grounds. One ailing journalist, Normando Hernández González, requested a medical release a year ago and is still waiting for a response. Organisation to go further RSF and Fundamedios welcome US asylum ruling in favor of Cuban journalist Serafin Moran Santiago Receive email alerts News Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Cuba New press freedom predators elected to UN Human Rights Council October 15, 2020 Find out more News News CubaAmericas CubaAmericas News October 12, 2018 Find out morelast_img read more

Pasadena Health Officials Update Measles Status: 4 Confirmed Cases

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first_img Subscribe Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuff Make a comment HerbeautyTop 9 Predicted Haircut Trends Of 2020HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Beauty Tips That Make Indian Women So BeautifulHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeauty Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Top of the News Face of boy with measles; third day of rash. Image: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention[Updated]  Pasadena city officials announced today there are four confirmed cases of measles within the Pasadena Public Health Department’s jurisdiction.The officials said the Health Department continues to closely monitor the recent outbreak of measles cases in the United States and is working with county and state health officials to identify local cases and individuals who may have come into contact with persons with measles.“Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that spreads easily from person to person through the air,” said Dr. Ying-Ying Goh, Health Officer for Pasadena. “We are working with healthcare providers, public and private schools and local and state health officials to prevent the further spread of measles in Pasadena. We urge everyone to make sure they and their children are fully vaccinated.”A safe and effective method to prevent measles is to get vaccinated, Dr. Goh said. Studies show that 99 percent of persons who properly receive two doses of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine develop immunity against the disease.MMR vaccines are covered by most health insurance plans or can be obtained at the Department’s Travel and Immunization Clinic, 1845 N. Fair Oaks Ave. The clinic will be closed February 11-18, 2015. Go online to www.cityofpasadena.net/PublicHealth for more information. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also has measles information at www.cdc.gov/measles/about.Know the facts to protect yourself and your family against measles:• The CDC recommends that children receive their first MMR vaccine at 12-15 months of age. The second dose of MMR is given when they are 4 to 6 years old before going to school.• Vaccinating children, teens and adults is the best way to protect infants who are too young to receive the MMR vaccine. The more people who are vaccinated, the lower the risk to all.• Vaccinations are very safe and the benefits generally far outweigh any risks. Speak with your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of vaccines.• Measles is generally found in many parts of the world. Vaccinate before traveling.• Common symptoms of measles include runny nose, cough, red eyes, fever, and rash that usually starts on the face and spreads down the body. Someone with measles is contagious about four days before a rash develops and four days after the rash appears. Measles can also cause complications like pneumonia, brain swelling, and, in some cases, even death.• Measles spreads easily through the air and can infect a person who is in the same room as someone with measles, even an hour after the infected person has left. About 90 percent of exposed individuals who are not immune (not vaccinated or not previously infected) will likely become infected.If you are unsure of your vaccination status or if you may have had contact with someone with measles, consult your healthcare provider. If you are already ill, first contact your provider by phone to help prevent the spread of measles in the doctor’s offices.Local healthcare providers must immediately report any suspected or confirmed cases of measles in people who reside in Pasadena to the PPHD at (626) 744-6043 (24-hour disease reporting line).Stay connected to the City of Pasadena! Visit us online at www.cityofpasadena.net; follow the city on Twitter @PasadenaGov, www.twitter.com/pasadenagov, and like us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/cityofpasadena. Or call the Citizen Service Center, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, at (626) 744-7311. Community Newscenter_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News 2 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Business News News Feature Stories Pasadena Health Officials Update Measles Status: 4 Confirmed Cases Dr. Ying-Ying Goh makes her first announcement as new Health Officer for Pasadena Published on Tuesday, February 10, 2015 | 5:02 pm Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimeslast_img read more

Leading Proxy Advisory Firm ISS Recommends Pluralsight Shareholders Vote Against Proposed Transaction With Vista…

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first_imgLocal NewsBusiness “In light of concerns regarding the sale process, an uncompelling valuation, and limited apparent downside risk of rejection, shareholders are advised to vote against the proposed transaction.” Eminence encourages all Pluralsight shareholders to vote proxies for the Special Meeting scheduled for March 2 “AGAINST” the Vista transaction. * Eminence has neither sought nor obtained consent from ISS to use previously published information in this press release. Important Information Eminence Capital, LP (“Eminence”) and Ricky C. Sandler (collectively, the “Participants”) intend to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) a definitive proxy statement and accompanying form of GOLD proxy to be used in connection with the solicitation of proxies from the shareholders of Pluralsight, Inc. (the “Company”). All shareholders of the Company are advised to read the definitive proxy statement and other documents related to the solicitation of proxies by the Participants when they become available, as they will contain important information, including additional information related to the Participants. The definitive proxy statement and an accompanying GOLD proxy card will be furnished to some or all of the Company’s shareholders and will be, along with other relevant documents, available at no charge on the SEC website at http://www.sec.gov/. Information about the Participants and a description of their direct or indirect interests by security holdings are contained in the revised preliminary proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed by the Participants with the SEC on February 16, 2021. This document is available free of charge from the source indicated above. Disclaimer This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any of the securities described herein in any state to any person. In addition, the discussions and opinions in this press release and the material contained herein are for general information only, and are not intended to provide investment advice. All statements contained in this press release that are not clearly historical in nature or that necessarily depend on future events are “forward-looking statements,” which are not guarantees of future performance or results, and the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “potential,” “could,” “opportunity,” “estimate,” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. The projected results and statements contained in this press release and the material contained herein that are not historical facts are based on current expectations, speak only as of the date of this press release and involve risks that may cause the actual results to be materially different. Certain information included in this material is based on data obtained from sources considered to be reliable. No representation is made with respect to the accuracy or completeness of such data, and any analyses provided to assist the recipient of this material in evaluating the matters described herein may be based on subjective assessments and assumptions and may use one among alternative methodologies that produce different results. Accordingly, any analyses should also not be viewed as factual and also should not be relied upon as an accurate prediction of future results. All figures are unaudited estimates and subject to revision without notice. Eminence disclaims any obligation to update the information herein and reserves the right to change any of its opinions expressed herein at any time as it deems appropriate. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Eminence has neither sought nor obtained the consent from any third party to use any statements or information contained herein that have been obtained or derived from statements made or published by such third parties. Except as otherwise expressly stated herein, any such statements or information should not be viewed as indicating the support of such third parties for the views expressed herein. About Eminence Capital, LP Eminence is a global asset management firm founded in 1999 that currently manages approximately $7.8 billion. Eminence’s investment approach is anchored in bottom up fundamental research seeking to identify “quality value” investment opportunities that are likely to undergo a positive change in investor perception. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210217005824/en/ CONTACT: Media: Jonathan Gasthalter/Grace Cartwright Gasthalter & Co. (212) 257-4170 Investors: Bruce Goldfarb/Chuck Garske Okapi Partners LLC (212) 297-0720 KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA NEW YORK INDUSTRY KEYWORD: BANKING PROFESSIONAL SERVICES FINANCE SOURCE: Eminence Capital, LP Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/17/2021 01:00 PM/DISC: 02/17/2021 01:01 PM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210217005824/en “Because the current market values of comparable publicly traded companies indicate that PS shares are worth as much as, or more than, the proffered $20.26 per share, the current terms of the proposed offer are not sufficiently attractive vs. a standalone scenario.” “The sale process was degraded by a reconstituted transaction committee with insufficient M&A experience, a decision-making approach that incorporated conflicted input, and an unequal playing field that did not promote increased shareholder value.” WhatsApp Pinterest Facebook “All things considered, even with the uncertainty regarding standalone value in the midst of a pandemic, shareholders should be much more comfortable with remaining standalone than with accepting the transaction proposal that resulted from this sale process.” Previous articleAlabama’s stat sheet filler Jones helps lead renaissanceNext articleWoman charged in Capitol melee says Proud Boys recruited her Digital AIM Web Support Facebookcenter_img By Digital AIM Web Support – February 17, 2021 TAGS  Twitter Pinterest Twitter WhatsApp Leading Proxy Advisory Firm ISS Recommends Pluralsight Shareholders Vote Against Proposed Transaction With Vista Equity Partners NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 17, 2021– Eminence Capital, LP (“Eminence”), the beneficial owner of approximately 6 million shares of Class A Common Stock of Pluralsight, Inc. (“Pluralsight” or the “Company”) (NYSE: PS), representing approximately 4.85% of the Company’s outstanding shares, today announced that Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. (ISS), the nation’s leading independent proxy advisory firm has recommended that Pluralsight shareholders VOTE AGAINST the proposed transaction with Vista Equity Partners at the Company’s Special Meeting scheduled for March 2. Ricky Sandler, Eminence’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer, said, “The ISS recommendation underscores our strong belief that Pluralsight conducted a deeply flawed and highly manipulated sales process designed to benefit management and Vista Equity Partners at the expense of Pluralsight shareholders. We encourage all shareholders to follow the recommendation put forth by ISS and VOTE AGAINST the Vista transaction at the Special Meeting.” In making its recommendation AGAINST the proposed transaction ISS noted*:“The sale process is rife with examples of different treatment for Vista Equity Partners vis a vis the other potential acquirors.”last_img read more

Gauging the Pandemic’s Financial Impact

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first_img July 28, 2020 1,136 Views Share Save The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago More than half of mortgage borrowers have lost income due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and close to one in five have missed a payment during the months since the pandemic hit the United States. LendingTree surveyed more than 1,000 borrowers at the end of June to determine how the pandemic is impacting their financial situation and ability to pay their mortgage loans.A total of 53% of borrowers have lost at least some income because of the pandemic, and millennials are the hardest hit. Among millennials, 61% report a loss of income, compared to 57% of Generation X and just 37% of baby boomers.While 82% of borrowers have continued making mortgage payments uninterrupted by the pandemic, the remaining 18% have missed at least one payment. The vast majority of these borrowers have entered a forbearance agreement, but 5% of those who have missed a payment have not entered an agreement with their lender.In total 30% of borrowers across the nation have entered a forbearance agreement with their lender, while another 12% are in the process of applying for mortgage relief.Two percent of survey respondents report being denied for a forbearance plan.LendingTree reported that 44% of those in forbearance plans have an annual household income of $100,000.At the same time, 7% of borrowers with an income of less than $25,000 say they were denied mortgage relief, which is higher than any other income bracket, according to LendingTree.Some borrowers may have been reluctant to enter forbearance because they were unsure of the terms of the relief. Among survey respondents baby boomers were the most likely to be unsure of the terms of forbearance plans. About 37% of baby boomers said they were unclear on the terms, compared to 17% of both Gen Xers and millennials.About two-thirds of borrowers who have lost income say they would consider missing a payment on some type of debt, and of the types of debt payments they would consider missing, mortgage payments were the first choice, closely followed by credit card payments.About 24% of those who might miss a payment said they would miss a mortgage payment, and 23% said they would miss a credit card payment.Also, while many borrowers have entered forbearance plans on their home loans, about 32% have also deferred paying other bills, including auto loans and credit cards, according to LendingTree.“Unfortunately, the response to the coronavirus crisis has been very poor; many layoffs that were temporary are beginning to become permanent, and the economy is likely to remain weak well into 2021,” said Tendayi Kapfidze, Chief Economist at LendingTree. Krista Franks Brock is a professional writer and editor who has covered the mortgage banking and default servicing sectors since 2011. Previously, she served as managing editor of DS News and Southern Distinction, a regional lifestyle publication. Her work has appeared in a variety of print and online publications, including Consumers Digest, Dallas Style and Design, DS News and DSNews.com, MReport and theMReport.com. She holds degrees in journalism and art from the University of Georgia. About Author: Krista F. Brock Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / Gauging the Pandemic’s Financial Impact  Print This Post Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Tagged with: Coronavirus COVID-19 in Daily Dose, Featured, Journal, Market Studies, News Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Previous: Fannie Mae Offers Two New Single-Family Green MBS Issuances Next: The Fight Against Zombie Propertiescenter_img Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Related Articles The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Gauging the Pandemic’s Financial Impact Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Coronavirus COVID-19 2020-07-28 David Wharton Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Subscribelast_img read more

Cabinet Government

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first_imgColumnsCabinet Government V.Sudhish Pai8 Nov 2020 5:29 AMShare This – xThe Constitution has adopted the Cabinet form of representative democratic government as in the UK, a form of government tersely described as based on the ‘Westminster model’ which is a constitutional monarchy. The President of India is the head of the State. He represents the nation. He is conferred with a large repository of powers. All actions are taken in his name. What is true…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Constitution has adopted the Cabinet form of representative democratic government as in the UK, a form of government tersely described as based on the ‘Westminster model’ which is a constitutional monarchy. The President of India is the head of the State. He represents the nation. He is conferred with a large repository of powers. All actions are taken in his name. What is true of the President at the Centre is generally true of the Governors at the State level. There shall be a President of India. The executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President, so also the supreme command of the Defence Forces of the Union- Arts 52 and 53. Similarly there shall be a Governor for each State. The executive power of the State shall be vested in the Governor-Arts 153 and 154.The executive power is co-extensive with the legislative power-Arts 73 and 162.Executive power is the residue after the exercise of legislative power and judicial power-cf Ram Jawayya’s case (AIR 1955 SC 549). A literal reading of the provisions of the Constitution shows that the President is endowed with and enjoys a mélange of powers. All this appears quite impressive. However, as Dicey says in his Law of the Constitution referring to Blackstone’s Commentaries talking of the Sovereign and the royal prerogative, it has but one fault: the statements it contains are the direct opposite of the truth. The executive in England is, in fact, in the hands of a committee called the Cabinet. If there be any one person in whose single hand the power of the State is placed, that person is not the Sovereign, but the Prime Minister. That is so in India also. The truth is that the President/Governor is only a metaphor for the Council of Ministers on whose advice alone they can act except in very narrow areas clearly defined and confined-Arts 74 and 163. The machinery of government set up by the Constitution follows in essentials the British model- the Westminster form of Government. “Not the Potomac but the Thames fertilizes the flow of the Yamuna if we may adopt a riverine imagery,” observed Krishna Iyer, J. picturesquely in Samsher Singh (AIR 1974 SC 2192) bringing out the essence of our system of Government. The Constitution has adopted, as already stated, the ‘Westminster model’ which is a constitutional monarchy where the King reigns but does not rule and his relations with the Ministry headed by the Prime Minister are governed by well recognised conventions. This is the Parliamentary system of government as contrasted with the Presidential. It is well settled that parliamentary system of government is not government by Parliament but it is government by Cabinet subject to the control and criticism of Parliament. Indeed IIbert in his Parliament remarks that the Cabinet legislates with the advice and consent of Parliament. Articles 74, 75, 77 and 78 (re: the Union) and Articles 163,164, 166 & 167 (re: the States) capture and embody the essence and nuances of the parliamentary system. This is succinctly expressed in Chief Justice B.K. Mukherjea’s judgement in Ram Jawaya (AIR 1955 SC 549): “Our Constitution, though federal in its structure, is modelled on the British parliamentary system….. The President is the formal or constitutional head of the Executive and the real executive powers are vested in the ministry…. We have the same system of parliamentary executive as in England and the Council of Ministers consisting, as it does, of the members of the legislature is, like the British Cabinet “hyphen which joins, a buckle which fastens the legislative part of the State to the executive part.”…..The Cabinet enjoying, as it does, the majority in the legislature concentrates in itself the virtual control of both legislative and executive functions ; and as the Ministers constituting the Cabinet are presumably agreed on fundamentals and act on the principle of collective responsibility, the most important questions of policy are all formulated by them.” Exercise of powers by President/Governor The constitutional position regarding exercise of powers by the President and the Governor is settled and clear. They have to exercise their powers and discharge their functions on the basis of Ministerial advice. It is now well established that the position of the President and the Governor is akin to that of the constitutional monarch in Britain. He is generally bound by the advice of his Ministers except where it is otherwise prescribed constitutionally. He can do nothing contrary to their advice nor can he do anything without their advice. Art 74 and Art 163 deal with the functioning of the President and the Governor respectively. Moving the Draft Constitution in the Constituent Assembly on 4.11.1948, Dr. Ambedkar posed the question as to what is the form of government that is envisaged in the Constitution and what is the form of the Constitution and proceeded to say: “There is placed at the head of the Indian Union a functionary who is called the President of the Union. The title of this functionary reminds one of the President of the United States. But beyond identity of names there is nothing in common between the form of Government prevalent in America and the form of Government proposed under the Draft Constitution. The American form of Government is called the Presidential system of Government. What the Draft Constitution proposes is the Parliamentary system. The two are fundamentally different…. Under the Draft Constitution, the President occupies the same position as the King under the English Constitution. He is the Head of the State but not of the Executive. He represents the nation but does not rule the nation. He is the symbol of the nation. His place in the administration is that of a ceremonial device on a seal by which the nation’s decisions are made known…. The President of the United States is not bound to accept any advice tendered to him by any of his Secretaries (who are in charge of different departments). The President of the Indian Union will be generally bound by the advice of his Ministers. He can do nothing contrary to their advice nor can he do anything without their advice….” (CAD Vol.VII p.32- quoted in Samsher Singh’s case, AIR 1974 SC 2192: (1974) 2 SCC 831). If there is any office under the Constitution comparable to the US President it is the Prime Minister (CAD Vol VII p.998 on 13.12.1948). In the debate regarding Draft Art 61 which is Art 74 (on 30.12.1948) it was stated that these articles “should not be interpreted literally because they embody conventions of the Cabinet system of government evolved in Great Britain as a result of a long struggle between the King and Parliament. At every stage of the struggle the King yielded some power, but was anxious to preserve his prestige. Therefore, at the end of the struggle, the King gave up all his power but preserved all his forms. Therefore, it is said here that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the Head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions. That does not mean, that normally, the function of the Prime Minister is to aid or advise the President in the exercise of his functions. In fact, the position is altogether opposite or the reverse. It is the Prime Minister’s business with the support of the Council of Ministers to rule the country and the President may be permitted now and then to aid and advise the Council of Ministers. Therefore, we should look at the substance and not at the mere phraseology which is the result of conventions.” (CAD Vol. VII p.1155) “There is no case which can arise where the President would be called upon to discharge his functions without the advice of the Prime Minister or his Cabinet…Under a Parliamentary system of Government there are only two prerogatives which the King or Head of State may exercise. One is the appointment of the Prime Minister and the other is the dissolution of Parliament….The position of Governor is exactly the same as the position of the President…” (Dr. Ambedkar on 30.12.1948 CAD Vol.VII p.1158) Art 163 makes a slight difference in the position of the Governor, viz., that he is not bound by the advice of the Ministers in matters where he is by or under the Constitution to act in his discretion. The discretionary power of the Governor is restricted by the express language of Art 163 which does not confer on the Governor a general discretionary power to act against or without the advice of the Council of Ministers. The exposition in the Constituent Assembly Debates is clear. Speaking on Draft Article 143 which is Art 163, Sir Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar said in the first place the general principle is laid down in Art 143, namely, the principle of Ministerial responsibility that the Governor in the various spheres of executive activity should act on the advice of his Ministers. Certain specific functions are to be exercised in his discretion as expressly provided in some articles. As Dr. Ambedkar stated, “The article will have to be read in conjunction with such other articles which specifically reserve the power to the Governor. It is not a general clause giving the Governor power to disregard the advice of his Ministers in any matter in which he finds he ought to disregard.” (CAD Vol VIII p. 501, on 01.06.1949). The functions which are specifically required by the Constitution to be exercised by the Governor in his discretion are specified in Arts.239 (2), 371 A (2)(b),(d) and (f);and Para 9(2) of the 6th Schedule. As the Supreme Court observed in U.N.R.Rao vs. Indira Gandhi (AIR 1971 SC 1002) we must remember that it is interpreting a Constitution establishing a parliamentary system of government with a Cabinet. In trying to understand one may well keep in mind the conventions prevalent at the time the Constitution was framed. The position that in the discharge of their functions the President and the Governors have a discretion to disregard the advice of their Council of Ministers is inconsistent with the express conferment of discretionary power on the Governors under Art 163(2), for, if Governors have a discretion in all matters under Art 163(1), it would be unnecessary to confer on them an express power to act in their discretion in a few specified matters. It negatives the view that President/Governor has general discretionary power to act against Ministerial advice. (H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India 4th Ed. p.2037). The area of discretion is clearly defined and confined. The only functions which the Head of State can, as per settled constitutional law and conventions, exercise in his discretion are: appointment of the Prime Minister/Chief Minister; dismissal of the Government when it has lost its majority in the House but refuses to quit; dissolution of the Lower House of the Legislature; granting sanction to prosecute a Minister; and in the case of a Governor making a report under Art 356 regarding failure of the constitutional machinery in the State; apart from those expressly conferred by the Constitution like Arts 103/ 192. This does not reduce the Head of State to a mere figurehead or rubber stamp. He will still have the ‘right to be consulted, the right to encourage and the right to warn’ (Bagehot- The English Constitution pg 111) and ‘the right to offer on his own initiative suggestions and advice to the Ministers even where he is obliged in the last resort to accept the formal advice tendered’ (de Smith & Brazier- Constitutional & Administrative Law p. 114). Acting on Ministerial advice does not necessarily mean immediate acceptance of the Ministry’s first thoughts. He can state all his objections to any proposal and ask his Ministers, if necessary, to reconsider the matter. It is only in the last resort that he must accept their final advice (Sir B.N. Rau). This principle and the right of the Head of State to influence his Council of Ministers is embodied in Arts 74(1) read with 78 and 163(1) read with 167. The purport of all this is clear from a passage in the Memorandum submitted by Prime Minister Asquith to King George V in 1913 and expressed tersely and precisely “…….a constitutional monarch in this country is entitled and bound to give his Ministers all relevant information which comes to him; to point out objections which seem to him valid against the course which they advise; to suggest, if he thinks fit, an alternative policy. Such instructions are always received by Ministers with the utmost respect and considered with more respect and deference than if they proceeded from any other quarters. But, in the end, the Sovereign always acts upon the advice which Ministers after full deliberation and (if need be) reconsideration, feel it their duty to offer. They give that advice well knowing that they can, and probably will, be called upon to account for it by Parliament.” This has been quoted in the Constituent Assembly Debates on 2.6.1949 (CAD Vol VIII. p.542). These conventions have been adverted to, reiterated and accepted by the Supreme Court as part of constitutional law and hence legally enforceable. Reference may be made to some of the decisions- S.C. Advocates-on-Record Association vs. Union of India (II Judges Case) (AIR 1994 SC 268); S.R.Bommai vs. Union of India (AIR 1994 SC 1918). Sir Alladi Krishnaswami was one of the principal architects of our Constitution and one of the most eminent constitutional lawyers in the country. Both the first President and the first Prime Minister sought his views on the constitutional position of the President vis-à-vis the Prime Minister. In response, he said that it has been tersely put by writers on Constitutional law that the King from having to be advised by the Prime Minister has become an adviser to the Ministry. In the felicitous language of Prof. Walter Bagehot, the King has no alternative to signing his death warrant if the Parliament chooses to pass a measure in that behalf. He further stated that “Art 74 is all pervasive in its character and does not make any distinction between one kind of function and another. It applies to every function and power vested in the President, whether it relates to addressing the House or returning a Bill for reconsideration or assenting or withholding assent to the Bill….. The expression ‘aid and advise’ in Art 74 cannot be construed so as to enable the President to act independently or against the advice of the Cabinet…..” In Art 111 dealing with the power to remit a Bill for reconsideration, “the President is not intended to be a revisional or appellate authority over the Cabinet. A Bill might have been introduced either by a private member or a member of the Cabinet. It may be rushed through in the Parliament. The Cabinet might notice an obvious slip or error after it has passed the Houses. This power vested in the President is as much intended to be exercised on the advice of the Cabinet as any other power.” It is also relevant to refer to the 20th report of the Governors’ Committee. “Even in the sphere where the Governor is bound to act on the advice of his Council of Ministers, it does not necessarily mean the immediate and automatic acceptance by him of such advice. In any relationship between the Governor and his Council of Ministers, the process of mutual discussion is implicit, and the Governor will not be committing any impropriety if he states all his objections to any proposed course of action and asks the Ministry to reconsider the matter. In the last resort, he is bound to accept its final advice, but he has a duty, whenever necessary, to advise the Ministry if he thinks that the Ministry is taking an erroneous step and to suggest to it to reconsider the proposed course of action. In the process of advice and consent, there is ample room for exchange of views between the Governor and Council of Ministers even though he is bound to accept its advice.” All this has been referred to with approval by the Supreme Court in Samsher Singh. As Seervai points out, “it is enough to say that Samsher Singh’s case (AIR 1974 SC 2192) has finally established, it is submitted rightly, that the President is the constitutional head of government obliged to act on the advice of his Council of Ministers.” (H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India 4th Ed. p. 2035). Samsher Singh was referred to a larger Bench to delineate the constitutional position of the President/Governor. It was necessitated by a couple of earlier rulings which really represented a drift and not the trend of judicial opinion in that behalf. The issue was whether the constitutional requirement of the satisfaction of the President/Governor means his personal satisfaction. The Court unequivocally reiterated the settled legal position that the President/Governor is only the constitutional head, the real power being vested in the Council of Ministers on whose aid and advice the President/Governor exercises his powers and functions. The satisfaction required by the Constitution is not the personal satisfaction of the President or Governor but the satisfaction of the President or Governor in the constitutional sense in the cabinet system of government, that is, the satisfaction of his Council of Ministers. In Constitutional Law, the ‘functions’ of the President and Governor and the ‘business’ of Government belong to the Ministers and not to the Head of State, that ‘aid and advice’ of Ministers are terms of art which in law mean, in the Cabinet context of our constitutional scheme, that the aider acts and the advisor decides in his own authority and not subject to the power of President to accept or reject such action or decision, except , in the case of Governors, to the limited extent that Art 163 permits and his discretion, remote controlled by the Centre, has play. As Justice Krishna Iyer put it in his inimitable style in Samsher Singh ,”The omnipotence of the President and of the Governor at the State level is euphemistically inscribed in the pages of our Fundamental Law with the obvious intent that even where express conferment of power and functions is written into the Articles, such business has to be disposed of decisively by the Ministry answerable to the Legislature and through it vicariously to the people, thus vindicating our democracy instead of surrendering it to a single summit soul whose deification is incompatible with the basics of our political architecture”. This underscores the ideas of representation and responsibility, the twin attributes of a parliamentary system. And the legal position was laid down: We declare the law of this branch of our Constitution to be that the President and Governor, custodians of all executive and other powers under various articles, shall, by virtue of these provisions, exercise their formal constitutional powers only upon and in accordance with the advice of their Ministers save in a few well known exceptional situations. The basic tenets /features of the parliamentary system (cabinet government) are: 1) Primacy of the Prime Minister; 2) Accountability of the Government (executive branch) to the lower House of the legislature; 3) Collective responsibility. It has been said that he Cabinet is the keystone of the political arch in the Westminster model, but the Prime Minster is the keystone of the Cabinet arch. It is the Prime Minister through whom accountability and collective responsibility can be enforced. Primacy of the Prime Minister Ernest Barker, a great political scientist and commentator says that the Cabinet is the core of the British constitutional system. It is the supreme directing authority; the ‘magnet of policy’ which co-ordinates and controls the whole of the executive government and integrates and guides the work of the legislature. In a parliamentary system of government based on the Westminster model the Cabinet is the keystone of the political arch, as Lowell put it, but according to John Morley the Prime Minister is the keystone of the Cabinet arch. However, Ivor Jennings said that it would be more accurate to describe him as keystone of the Constitution which is as precise a definition as it is picturesque. It is said that the Prime Minister is central to the formation of the Cabinet, central to its life and central to its death. The Government is the master of the country, the Prime Minister is the master of the Government. He is ‘the focal point of public attention and governmental power’. Bagehot said that the Cabinet is ‘a hyphen which joins, a buckle which fastens the legislative part of the state to the executive part’. But Crossman in his Introduction to the 1963 edition of Bagehot’s ‘The English Constitution’ emphasising the growing importance of the institution of the Prime Minister said that ‘the hyphen which joins, the buckle which fastens’ is one single man, that is, the Prime Minister. That sums up the pre- eminent position of the Prime Minister in our governmental set up. The primacy of the Prime Minister in the parliamentary system of Government is beyond doubt. It is the Prime Minister who rules and governs. The President, like the Crown in U.K, is only the nominal, ceremonial head who represents the nation. The position of the Governor in the States is no different except as regards matters which he has to exercise in his discretion. The area of discretion is clearly defined and confined by the Constitution. (Reference to the President will include reference to the Governor and the Prime Minister will mean the Chief Minister also). The Prime Minister’s functions and powers are wide and varied. His position rests on his leadership of the Cabinet/ Government, in Parliament and in the ruling party, on his being the main channel of communication with the Head of State, his control over Cabinet, in selecting Ministers, assigning them portfolios and even compelling them to resign, in setting the agenda for Cabinet meetings and taking decisions. He also decides and seeks dissolution of the Lower House of Parliament and a fresh mandate. Some critics in England have, therefore, rightly said that what obtains now is not so much the Cabinet system of Government but the system of Prime Ministerial Government. “If the Cabinet discusses anything, it is the Prime Minister who decides what the collective view of the Cabinet is…… no Minister could make a really important move without consulting the Prime Minister, and if the Prime Minister wanted to take a certain step the Cabinet Minister concerned would either have to agree, argue it out in Cabinet or resign.” (See Mackintosh: The British Cabinet.) There is no better delineation of the Prime Minister’s position than what Jennings says in his Cabinet Government: “Given a solid party backing and confidence among party leaders, a Prime Minister wields an authority that a Roman Emperor might envy or a modern dictator strive in vain to emulate.” It is said that he has even the power of destroying his creator- the House of Commons. For, if the Government is defeated in the Commons he can, instead of resigning, advise the Queen to dissolve the House and go in for a fresh election. The position, however, is held to be slightly different under the Indian Constitution in that the President must explore the possibility of having an alternative Government in place and if that is not feasible, dissolve the House and set in motion the process of seeking a fresh mandate. Dissolution is a power in the hands of a Prime Minister to appeal from the legal to the political sovereign. Apart from being fortified by these conventions about the parliamentary system of government which are part of constitutional law, the office of the Prime Minister (and of the Chief Minister of a State) has been formally mentioned in the Constitution which explicitly says that he is the Head of the Council of Ministers. Dr. Ambedkar speaking in the Constituent Assembly (See: CAD Vol VII p. 1159-60) emphasised the concept of collective responsibility as an over-arching principle of the parliamentary system and said that the Prime Minister is the only sanction through which collective responsibility could be enforced. That requires the enforcement of two principles- that no person be nominated to the Cabinet except on the advice of the Prime Minister and that no person be retained as Minister if the Prime Minister wanted him to be dismissed. “The Prime Minister is really the key stone of the arch of the Cabinet and unless and until we create an office and endow that office with statutory authority to nominate and dismiss the Ministers, there can be no collective responsibility.” The Constitution recognises the pivotal position of the Prime Minister in the constitutional scheme. It is also important to remember that a Cabinet enters office and goes out with the Prime Minister. A change of the Prime Minister by resignation or death entails a change of Cabinet. It has been rightly observed that while the party system gives the Cabinet its homogeneity, it is the position of the Prime Minister which gives it solidarity. The Prime Minister is the leader of the nation and also its voice. One of his major tasks is to formulate the policy and coordinate the working of the Government and give it a general direction. The Prime Minister must know what is happening and ensure that all Departments of Government work as an integrated whole. P.N.Haksar, a distinguished civil servant with a rich experience in the working of government speaks of three elements required “to give a concrete shape to the social purpose of the Indian State”- the Prime Ministerial leadership, a vibrant political party and an efficient civil service and we may add an independent and upright judiciary. Thus the Prime Minister is required “to use his perch to manufacture a sense of moral direction and policy clarity behind his ideas and preferences.” This basic requirement of Prime Ministerial leadership remains and has to remain unchanged and unaffected – whatever the nature of government-whether it is a single party or a coalition or a minority government which is not unknown. The compulsions of coalition politics cannot be allowed to dilute the authority and importance of the Prime Minister. Otherwise it will result in a breakdown of a meaningful working of the parliamentary system of government. It is imperative to realize, recognize and adhere to the concept of prime ministerial authority and primacy. The Prime Minister should always have the last word on who is to be in the Cabinet and how the portfolios are to be allotted. It is he who should give a direction to the policy and working of the government. This cannot be dictated by party bosses or the allies supporting the Government. Parties can support from outside without joining the government, it can even be a minority government with outside support whenever necessary. Any interference in this regard from any quarters will sap the Prime Minister’s authority and weaken the system of government to which we are committed constitutionally. It will retard the nation’s development and progress and also bring down the country’s image among the comity of nations. The Constitution Bench judgment in Manoj Narula (2014) 9 SCC 1, it is submitted, lays down the correct legal position. It has been held that the choice of who should be appointed to the Council of Ministers is entirely with the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister. No directions can be issued in this regard. It is a legitimate constitutional expectation that the Prime Minister/Chief Minister would choose appropriate persons. While interpreting Article 75(1) a disqualification cannot be added. It is legitimately expected that the Prime Minister living up to the trust reposed in him would not choose a person with criminal antecedents. This is what the Constitution suggests and that is the constitutional expectation from the Prime Minister. Rest has to be left to his wisdom. Accountability Similar to the pre eminent position of the Prime Minister in the Westminster model parliamentary system, another essential feature of the system is the accountability of the government (the executive branch) to the Lower House of the Legislature. It is implicit in this requirement that the Prime Minister must be a member of the Lower House, the Lok Sabha. The Supreme Court in S.P.Anand vs. H.D.Deve Gowda (1996) 6 SCC 734 and Janak Raj Jai vs. H.D.Deve Gowda (1997) 10 SCC 462, held that a person not being a member of either House can be appointed Prime Minister and he could be elected to Parliament within six months. It did not consider it mandatory that the Prime Minister must be a member of the Lower House. These decisions were rendered on the basis of the language of Article 75(5) holding that all Ministers are the same and that the Constitution makes no distinction between the Prime Minister and other Ministers. It is submitted that these decisions do not appear to be correct and cannot be said to reflect the true constitutional position. While Article 75(5) treats all ministers alike, the judgments miss to notice the pre-eminent position of the Prime Minister in the scheme of things. All Ministers are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister. With the Prime Minister’s departure, either by resignation or death, the entire ministry goes out of office. It is not so in the case of other Ministers. The Prime Minister is central to the life of the Cabinet. Hence the Ministry enjoying the confidence of the majority of the House means the Prime Minister commanding such majority. It is inconceivable that the Prime Minister can enjoy the confidence of the majority without being a member. There may be some difference even between the position of the Prime Minister and Chief Ministers. While there can be President’s rule in the State, there is no such thing at the Centre. Moreover, these questions cannot be decided on the plain language without a reference to and understanding of the conventions underlying the constitutional provisions and prevalent at the time the Constitution was framed. (See: U.N.R.Rao vs. Indira Gandhi AIR 1971 SC 1002 @ 1003).Furthermore the decisions in Deve Gowda’s cases were by a two Judge Bench. Such matters of great moment were not referred to and decided by a Constitution Bench. These decisions fall foul of Art 145(3). The constitutional requirement is that the Government is responsible to the Legislature and must enjoy the confidence of the majority of the House. The crucial question is what is the test of this majority support and how often is that to be determined. When a party or combination or alliance of parties has the requisite number to constitute a majority in the House, the position is quite simple. A government headed by the leader of such a party or alliance is to be installed in office as Prime Minister. If, however, there is some uncertainty about the numbers supporting a leader who appears capable of forming a viable government, the President may swear him in as Prime Minister and require that he seek a vote of confidence and establish his majority in the House within a specified period. That may be both legitimate and requisite. The Supreme Court has held with reference to such directions: “Our Constitution knows of no such hybrid thing as a ‘Prime Minister subject to a condition of defeasance.’ Conditions (like the Prime Minister seeking a vote of confidence within a particular time) imposed by the President, may create considerations of political morality or conventional propriety but not of constitutional validity.”[Har Sharan Verma v. Charan Singh (1985) 1 SCC 162] Once a Government takes office it is important to note that the Government being responsible to the Legislature and enjoying the confidence of the House need not be on a minute-to-minute basis. Minority governments are not unknown or impermissible. When a Government is in office and has won the vote of confidence (if there is any doubt when the Government is installed) then the issue of responsibility to the House and enjoying majority support therein is between the Government and the House. Thereafter the President asking the Prime Minister to seek a vote of confidence is wholly unnecessary and improper. It is politically wrong and legally untenable. It eats into the vitals of the – functioning of a parliamentary democracy. The annual budget presented and passed in the House is perhaps the most emphatic expression of the confidence of the House in the Government. It is well settled that defeat of every motion or even a Bill does not require the Government to resign. It is only when a motion of no- confidence is voted or when a finance bill or any measure involving substantial issues of governmental policy is defeated that the Government has to resign. If it is felt that the Government does not enjoy the confidence of the House, it is for the Opposition to move a no- confidence motion and unseat the Government by successfully carrying the motion. Implicit in these well established conventions is the idea that minority Governments can function, that a Government need not be seen or shown to enjoy the confidence of the majority of the House at every moment and on every issue. No day-to-day Presidential surveillance of this is contemplated or warranted. The President is not to act like the Opposition and require the Prime Minister to seek and win a vote of confidence. Any such directions by the President to the Prime Minister being clearly unconstitutional are liable to be ignored and not acted upon. The constitutional role and position of the Head of State cannot be converted to that of the Opposition. Otherwise the whole concept of our parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster model will run the risk of being perverted. Instances of such directions are not uncommon these days. They undermine the parliamentary system –its ethos and working. The system cannot be allowed to suffer a loss of identity. The nuances of parliamentary democracy are political. “The responsibility of Government to Parliament is a political relationship. As such it is not a matter of precise definition and lawyers must resist the temptation to lay down rules for it.”(E.C.S. Wade & G. Philip, Constitutional & Administrative Law by A.W. Bradley, 5th Edn. p. 97) The President, like the British Monarch, has ‘the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, the right to warn’ and ‘the right to offer on his own initiative, suggestions and advice even where he is obliged in the last resort to accept the formal advice tendered to him.’ These conventional rights of being kept informed adequately have been given constitutional recognition in Articles 78 and 167. However these rights cannot extend to the President’s active participation and interference in governance. It is the Prime Minister and his Government that has to govern. Any inroad into this is not good for the health of the system. Such inroads and interference may appear to be an instant solution or panacea seemingly wholesome and welcome. But it is really not. ‘A faint crack develops in the foundation of our Government,’ to adapt the language of Robert Bork. Nightfall does not come at once, nor does break-down of systems. In both cases there is a twilight when everything remains seemingly unchanged. It is at such times that we have to be aware of change in the air- however slight- lest we are unwittingly overtaken by the imperceptible change. Collective Responsibility Another fundamental feature of the parliamentary system is the concept of collective responsibility of the Council of Ministers for all actions of the government. As has been rightly quipped, “It matters not what we say, but we must all say the same.” The concept of collective responsibility predicates 1) All loyal to the policies of Government- solidarity; 2) Government as a whole to resign if defeated or if the Prime Minister resigns; 3) Cabinet and Government business to be confidential- confidentiality; 4) Protection of Ministers against personal responsibility. The doctrine of collective responsibility has been stated in absolute terms by Lord Salisbury: ” For all that passes in Cabinet every member of it who does not resign is absolutely and irretrievably responsible and has no right afterwards to say that he agreed in one case to a compromise, while in another he was persuaded by his colleagues…It is only on the principle that absolute responsibility is undertaken by every member of the Cabinet, who after a decision is arrived at, remains a member of it, that the joint responsibility of Ministers to Parliament can be upheld and one of the most essential principles of parliamentary responsibility established.” Dr. Ambedkar also emphasised the need and importance of collective responsibility in our parliamentary system of government. In India the concept of collective responsibility is constitutionally recognized and codified in Articles 75(3) and 164(2) which lay down that the Ministry shall be collectively responsible to the Lower House of the Legislature. As regards individual responsibility of a Minister it would be indirectly enforced through Articles 75(2) and 164(1) which envisage that a Minister holds office during the pleasure of the President/Governor. This doctrine is one of the foundational elements of the working of the Cabinet and the parliamentary government. Articles 77 and 166 deal with the conduct of Government business. The Rules of Business are framed under Articles 77 and 166 for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government and allocation of such business among Ministers. The scheme of these Articles is for the purpose of discharging executive functions. But the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the legislature. The Rules lay down how matters are to be dealt with and by whom, how decisions are to be taken. They also speak expressly of collective responsibility. In Bachhittar Singh vs. State of Punjab (AIR 1963 SC 395) a Constitution Bench noted the concept of collective responsibility as also the primacy of the Chief Minister in the scheme of things and the Rules in that regard and held that an order passed by the Chief Minister even though on a matter pertaining to the portfolio of a particular Minister would be deemed to be the order of the Council of Ministers and it would be the Chief Minister’s advice to the Governor for which the Council of Ministers would be collectively responsible. In Sanjeevi Naidu vs. State of Madras (AIR 1970 SC 1102) a Constitution Bench stated that the Governor was authorised to make rules for the more convenient transaction of government business, that it is of the essence of joint responsibility that every individual Minister and the Cabinet is responsible to the legislature for every action taken in any of the Ministries, this responsibility is political and not personal. All the Constitution Bench judgments speak of the parliamentary system of government envisaged by the Constitution and recognise the primacy of the Prime Minister/ Chief Minister and the doctrine of collective responsibility both of which are cardinal features of the parliamentary system. All the Supreme Court cases dealing with this are based ‘on the root authority in R. vs. Sibnath Banerjee (AIR 1945 PC 156)’ as observed in Samsher Singh vs. State of Punjab (AIR 1974 SC 2192). Some change in UK The Sovereign’s prerogative of dissolution, of course, to be exercised on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister’s right to seek dissolution and get a general election which have been long and well established in UK have now been consigned to constitutional history there with the passing of the Fixed- Term Parliaments Act 2011. Under the new enactment the term of Parliament is fixed. Even the dates of the successive general elections are determined – the first Thursday of May every five years. The first poll thereafter was held on Thursday, May 7, 2015. The Prime Minister can provide by a statutory instrument that the scheduled poll be delayed by up to two months (justifiable in case of some emergency). An early general election would be possible at any time only if the House of Commons by a majority of at least two thirds of its total membership votes for that or if the House passes a vote of no-confidence in the Government which vote is not reversed within 14 days. This gap of 14 days is to provide for the possibility of a new Government taking office without the need for an election. These are the only exceptions to the pre-fixed polling dates. This is a major, far reaching constitutional reform seeking to ensure stability. It is, perhaps, too early to comment on its wisdom or efficacy. Whether reform needed in India The moot question is whether India should now seriously consider some reform without tinkering with the Constitution. The malady of hung legislatures and the uncertainty of coalition politics and governments are very well known. Many a time the whole system is brought to a halt – the Prime Minister/Chief Minister is reduced to less than a figurehead and parliamentary democracy becomes farcical. Everything other than national/public interest is the controlling factor. The term of the Lower House is fixed by the Constitution as five years unless dissolved earlier. Such earlier dissolution is occasioned generally by bringing down a Government by passing a no- confidence motion or by the Government advising and securing dissolution. The National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (headed by Justice Venkatachaliah) recommended in 2002 that the Leader of the House should be elected along with the Speaker in like manner and the person so elected be appointed the Prime Minister and that the motion of no-confidence against the Government should be proposed by at least 20% of the total membership of the House and it should be accompanied by a proposal of an alternative leader to be voted simultaneously. This is on the lines of the German Constitution and was also suggested by Shri Nani Palkhivala in September 1979- while delivering the Madras University Convocation Address. It is of interest and significance to know that that this has also been adverted to by Dr.Ambedkar in the Constituent Assembly. Participating in the debate on Draft Art 61 (which is Art 74) on 30.12.1948, he said that the only other way by which appointment of the Prime Minister could be provided for without vesting the authority or the discretion in the President, “is to require that it is the House which shall in the first instance choose its leader, and then on a choice being made by a motion or resolution, the President should proceed to appoint the Prime Minister.” However, it was then felt desirable to leave the matter to the discretion of the President (See: CAD Vol.VII p. 1158). But with our past experience this may be highly desirable. The only requirement for a person to be appointed Prime Minister is that he should command the support of the majority of the House. Instead of only the members of the majority party electing the leader who will be the Prime Minister as at present, the entire House should elect the leader who would then be appointed the Prime Minister. Further if he is to be voted out the House should elect an alternative leader who can form a Government and the legislature can complete its full term. It would then be difficult for even the majority party to dislodge the Government and bring about uncertainty and chaos. The Prime Minister and the Government would be able to function effectively without various groups attempting to have their pound of flesh or pull the carpet from under the leader’s feet. In keeping with the principle that the Government is responsible to the Lower House and can be in office only as long as it enjoys its confidence the election of the Prime Minister by the whole House would be quite apposite. This can be achieved without amending the Constitution –by evolving conventions about the entire House electing the person to be appointed Prime Minister and by appropriately amending the relevant Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business as regards a no-confidence motion. The basic postulate of the parliamentary system- accountability and Ministerial responsibility- would be kept inviolate while imparting greater stability to the Government. It may be pre eminently worthwhile to consider these reforms. Judicial Review-an auxiliary precaution Constitutional functions like imposition of President’s rule, emergency, removal of Governors, grant of pardon are all exercised based on Cabinet advice. The President/Governor, that is in effect the Cabinet, is the sole judge of the sufficiency of facts and propriety of the action. Yet, while the advice is constitutionally immune from scrutiny, the material which formed the basis for such advice is open to examination- whether such material was relevant and was such that on its basis a reasonable man could have come to the conclusion. It is to be examined whether the facts were verified- whether it was bonafide. Governor’s report and President’s action is open to scrutiny. Legal malafides, irrationality, extraneous considerations are all grounds of challenge to a Presidential proclamation- though approved by Parliament- it is not legislative unlike an Ordinance (which is not susceptible to such challenge). Doctrine of pleasure has also been hedged in by constitutional limitations. It is not a licence to act arbitrarily. Discretion conferred on a public authority in absolute and unfettered terms will necessarily have to be exercised reasonably and for public good. The distinction between the need for a cause vis-a -vis need to disclose the cause is important and has to be borne in mind. It is imperative that a valid cause must exist. Judicial scrutiny is for the limited purpose whether the reasons bear rational nexus to the action. Absence of reasons or bad reasons can destroy a possible nexus and vitiate the order on the ground of malafides. Thus the court will interfere for absence of reasons or irrelevant reasons or where the exercise of power is vitiated by self denial or wrong application of the full amplitude of power or the decision is arbitrary, discriminatory, malafide. See B.P.Singhal v Union of India (2010) 6 SCC 331. Non-assent to Bills, it is submitted, is also justiciable even though it may be on limited grounds. Government formation-choice and appointment of Ministers as also appointment of judges is open to judicial review on the narrow ground of eligibility alone as contrasted with suitability – Manoj Narula v Union of India (2014) 9 SCC 1; High Court of Madras v. R. Gandhi (2014) 11 SCC 54. All seemingly wide and unfettered powers of the Head of State are tempered by constitutional limitations -express or inherent in the very nature of constitutionalism- to be exercised in accord with public law principles and subject to judicial review and correction depending on the nature of the functions. James Madison, one of the Framers of the American Constitution, had said in The Federalist – “If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.” Judicial review is one such auxiliary precaution. Epilogue Having said all this, it needs to be stated that the President has the constitutional right and duty to intervene in public affairs of seminal importance and give of his wisdom and experience privately without any fanfare. As he represents the Nation he can use that representative position to temper the excesses, if any, of the elected representatives. There is always the dialogue between the Prime Minister and the President (constitutionally mandated by Art 78). The extent of such dialogue would depend upon the personal equations between the two and their personalities. As late President Venkataraman said, the President is like an emergency lamp which becomes active when power fails and becomes dormant when power is restored. How must a President as the constitutional Head of State express his disapproval of any Governmental action was answered by a former Chief Justice of Pakistan in the context of whether the President could refuse assent to a Bill validly passed by the National Assembly (when Pakistan had a Constitution like ours and was experimenting with parliamentary democracy). Justice Munir said something like this: “If you think it is a matter of great importance, and you cannot in all conscience accept the measure presented to you, you can and you must (if you are true to your oath) refuse to assent – but having refused assent, you must then resign; the system must go on; people will know why you resigned, and will sort things out with their Governments.” This, in essence, delineates the position and functioning of the President (and the Governors). In the ultimate analysis the power and position that a Prime Minister enjoys depends upon his personality. As the Earl of Oxford and Asquith said: The office of the Prime Minister is what its holder chooses to make it. The influence that a President or Governor will have on the Ministry will also depend upon the personality of the occupant of that exalted office. “Constitutions are easily copied, temperaments are not.” No system, however good, is self-executing. It would depend on the men who work the system. It is, therefore, imperative to develop and abide by a constitutional culture.Views are personal.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Years of planning bear fruit with Johnson Center for the Arts grand opening

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first_img “The dedication and commitment of the Center’s board of directors, the committee and the many individuals were remarkable,” Gibson said. “The many, many hours they devoted to the project and their ‘stickability’ took us where we wanted to go.“Mike Panhovst came on board as a consultant and got us on track and took us to another level. And, Richard Metzger, Center director, has been a Godsend. He has dreamed bigger than any of us dared to dream.“Through the efforts of many people, the dream has come true and it’s much more than I had ever hoped that it would be or could be. I’m sure it is for many others, too.”The mission of the Troy Pike Cultural Arts Center is to provide cultural enrichment for the lives of all citizens through exposure to the arts.Gibson said the Johnson Center for the Arts will further the mission of the arts organization and positively impact the Troy and Pike County areas for generations to come.The Grand Opening will begin at 2 p.m. on the stage outside the Johnson Center for the Arts. The keynote speaker for the event will be Al Head, executive director of the Alabama State Council on the Arts. Other speakers will be Metzger, Gibson, Dr. Jack Hawkins, Jr., chancellor of Troy University; Dr. Manley Johnson of the Manuel and Mary Johnson Foundation; and Jimmy Lunsford, mayor of Troy.Entertainment will be presented by the Troy University Jazz Band and Trumpet Ensemble, Shelia Jackson, Lyra Crapps, Scott Sexton, Haley Jackson and the choirs of First Baptist and First United Methodist churches of Troy. Published 11:20 am Monday, September 15, 2008 “This is the day that we have been looking forward to for about eight years,” Gibson said. “I just can’t believe that we did it. I keep thinking, ‘Surely, this is not ours.’ It’s just overwhelming.“All of the dreaming, planning and hard work has come to fruition. The Johnson Center for the Arts is a state-of-the-art facility for our vision for the arts.”Gibson said he was driving passed the arts center and saw docents leading a group of children inside. Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Acid Reflux (Watch Now)Healthy LifestyleIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthTop 4 Methods to Get Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits “I just stopped and watched,” he said. “I thought ‘this is working.’ It’s the epitome of what we are about – broadening the minds of people of all ages through the arts.”The seed for an arts center was planted in 2000 by the Pike County Chamber of Commerce and a group of interested individuals.“They were determined that the old Troy Post Office building would not be sold off and that it would be preserved for present and future generations,” Gibson said. “Through a sizable donation by the late Claudia Crosby, the building was secured and the decision was made for the building to be used as a center for the arts.”With the organization of the Troy Pike Cultural Arts Center, the vision of a few became the vision of many. By Jaine Treadwell Book Nook to reopen Sponsored Content You Might Like Wondering about change Change. Mmmmm. That’s all you hear about these days. “Change. We need change.” But, I’m not exactly sure what “change”… read more Even when Mack Gibson is standing looking up at the Holman and Ethel Johnson Center for the Arts, he still has to pinch himself to believe it’s finally a reality.“Dreams do come true. I’m looking a one,” said Gibson, chairman of the Troy Pike Cultural Arts Center board of directors.The Grand Opening of the Holman and Ethel Johnson Center for the Arts will be at 2 p.m. today at 300 East Market Street in downtown Troy. A large crowd is expected to celebrate the beginning of a new era in the arts in Troy and Pike County. Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Years of planning bear fruit with Johnson Center for the Arts grand opening Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Email the author The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… By The Penny Hoarder Latest Stories Print Article Skiplast_img read more