ArchDaily Projects CopyHousing•New Orleans, United States Architects: OJT Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” Bastion Community Housing / OJTSave this projectSaveBastion Community Housing / OJT Civil Engineer: Housing “COPY” Manufacturers: James Hardie, Sherwin-Williams, WeatherGard Windows Bastion Community Housing / OJT CopyAbout this officeOJTOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingNew OrleansUnited StatesPublished on June 27, 2019Cite: “Bastion Community Housing / OJT” 27 Jun 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Photographs: Andrés Flasjzer Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Area: 170 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2012 Spain CopyHouses•Alacant, Spain CopyAbout this officeeneseis ArquitecturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesAlacantIcebergSpainPublished on September 19, 2020Cite: “Half Buried House / eneseis Arquitectura” 19 Sep 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Howard Lake | 10 July 2007 | News Richard Turner added: “They are a mix of big, visionary, risky ideas that have the ‘what if’ element, of practical ideas that we have seen and loved and which could quickly make a big difference to many charities, and small quirky ideas that anyone should be able to implement to help their fundraising activities.” John Grain offers 50 fundraising ideas Following John Grain Associates’ “50 Ideas in 60 Minutes” session at this week’s Institute of Fundraising National Convention, the company has published a website to share these tips.John Grain believes that this is the first time a website has been developed specifically to support a Convention seminar and he intends to add new ideas to it over the coming months.Grain said: “This was a different type of session at the Convention – it was not a ‘how to’, more an ‘up to you’. Every one of these ideas is freely available for anyone to implement, adapt or build on as they wish. If someone uses just one of them to improve their fundraising then we are delighted.” Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Digital Events 19 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
A Kentucky county clerk, Kim Davis, was jailed on Sept. 3 for refusing to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. The U.S. Supreme Court legalized these marriages in June. On Aug. 31, the high court denied Davis’ argument that her Apostolic Christian faith gave her grounds to refuse the licenses on the basis of “freedom of religion.”Right-wingers and social media have spotlighted Davis, both praising her as a “martyr” and damning her with vile, anti-woman epithets for her Appalachian speech, sexual history and appearance.But behind Davis’ media image is a strategy concocted at the highest levels of the elite U.S. ruling class. It is funded by billionaires on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s richest people, and it is part of a web of racist, anti-union, anti-worker, anti-woman, anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and anti-environment organizing.Davis’ lawyer, Matt Staver, is the founder of Liberty Counsel, a conservative evangelical law firm affiliated with Liberty University, the school established by reactionary televangelist Jerry Falwell in 1971. The firm has offices in California, Florida, Virginia and Washington, D.C., and an “outreach in Israel.”Right Wing Watch’s blog describes Liberty Counsel as one of “the most extreme religious right groups in the country.” (June 12, 2014)The Liberty Counsel web page describes its goals as “advancing religious freedom, the sanctity of life, and the family”— code words for an extremist Christian ideology focused on denying women reproductive rights and health care and denying LGBTQ people the right to marriage with its accompanying economic and parental rights.Major donors to Liberty Counsel are brothers Farris and Dan Wilks, Texans who made billions with their company Frac Tech, selling fracking technology — also known as “well stimulation services.” This is the dangerous gas drilling method opposed by environmentalists.The Wilks brothers fund projects promoted by the extreme religious right and those in the Koch brothers’ political network. Charles G. and David H. Koch are the main backers of the bigoted, rightist Tea Party movement. Their father made a fortune developing a new “cracking” method to refine heavy oil into gasoline.According to Right Wing Watch, Farris Wilks also “funds a network of [so-called] ‘pregnancy centers’ that refuse, on principle, to talk to single women about contraception. (Married women need to check with their husband and pastor.)”The Wilks brothers adhere to the ideologies of right-wing revisionist “historian” David Barton and conservative political operative David Lane who preach that the U.S. is “a nation founded by Christians … for the Glory of God and the advancement of the Christian faith.”Right Wing Watch states that the Kochs promote religious right leaders who spout the view that “the Bible opposes the minimum wage, progressive taxation, capital gains taxes, the estate tax, and unions and collective bargaining.” (June 3)The South: racism, religion and the working classDavis is both being used and caught between bourgeois forces in the Democratic and Republican parties, which are jockeying for control of the U.S. political and legal system.In the ramp-up to the 2016 presidential election, Democrats are appealing to some elements in their base by enforcing the Supreme Court’s same-sex marriage ruling at the state level. Republicans are vying to see which candidate can capture Southern white workers, and they are linking right-wing Christianity to their strategy.The deeply racist character of the far-right’s strategy is revealed by Donald Trump’s immigrant bashing at a rally of 20,000 people in Mobile, Ala., on Aug. 21.Also, conservative talk show host Glenn Beck marshaled 20,000 people to chant “All Lives Matter” in Birmingham, Ala., on Aug. 29. Beck’s rally was part of a reactionary campaign to negate the important Black Lives Matter movement and co-opt its slogan into a clarion call to racists and the anti-choice Christian right.These machinations conceal underlying contradictions for the capitalists. Bosses need educated, thoughtful, skilled workers to use new technologies being implemented in the auto, electronics and steel industries, and Google Tech centers, especially in the South. Yet, business owners also strive to keep workers misinformed, backward and divided — to prevent worker solidarity and unionization. They use their tools of racism, anti-immigrant bigotry, and gender and LGBTQ oppression to try to do so.Kim Davis is a white worker who lives in Appalachia, which stretches from northern Alabama to southern Pennsylvania. Almost 30 percent of the residents of Rowan County, Ky., where Davis is county clerk, live below the poverty line and 95 percent are white. (U.S. Census Bureau)Despite Davis’ actions, which she says are based on her religious beliefs, she is not protected from sexist slurs on social media. Conservative billionaires are using her as a pawn to promote reactionary religious views that keep workers from joining unions that would raise their wages, that oppose women’s access to abortion, contraception and other essential health care, and that deny LGBTQ people their rights.The racism of “Christian-nation” extremism divides Davis and others like her from the growing, dynamic Southern worker organizing led in large part by African-American and Latino/a activists and members of other oppressed communities. This rising tide recently won historic advances in raising low-paid workers’ wages in Alabama and North Carolina and has resulted in an upsurge of union campaigns in Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee auto plants.Right-wing Christian ideologue Farris Wilks is a funder of Davis’ legal “defense.” Right Wing Watch states, “[He] said, ‘There are only two basic ideas in the world,’ and they are free enterprise and socialism.” Wilks is one of the world’s richest individuals and staunchest upholders of capitalist exploitation.As Karl Marx explained, “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature. … It is the opium of the people,” an ideology that offers hope to workers exploited under capitalism who see no hope. Marxism counters the reactionary religious extremism that opposes justice and the view of a better world — on earth — for workers and oppressed people.Marxism gives a scientifically based, pro-socialist perspective that can effectively counter the dead-end despair of high-tech, low-wage capitalism, and offers the prospects of a hopeful future — a world built by and for all workers.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Home Indiana Agriculture News ‘Learn How to Protect Your Farm from Erosion’ Events Coming to Greensburg SHARE The Soil Water Conservation Society (SWCS) is proud to be organizing a pair of conservation events located in Greensburg, Indiana for farmers and conservation professionals. These field days offer an outstanding and efficient experience. Folks will be able to get into a field to see conservation practices up close in a commercial farm setting. SWCS is known for offering great professional networking opportunities and professional development. “The hands-on learning is needed after the start of this year’s growing season for farmers, SWCS Hoosier Chapter President Curtis Knueven said.The first event, geared toward farmers, will be hosted Wednesday, July 31st by Roger Wenning on his farm in Greensburg, Indiana. Wenning is a leader in cover crops and conservation management. His farm in Greensburg will be a great venue to see conservation on the ground. “Keep that soil biology healthy, and it’s like a healthy gut in a hog: it’s going to produce the food the plants need. I’m even finding I don’t need as much [fertilizer] as the soil tests recommend,” Wenning said. The field day will include the demonstration of terminating a cover crop with a crimper.The second day, Thursday, August 1st, Wenning will host a field day for conservation professionals. His farm will become a training ground for anyone interested in soil and water conservation. At the August 1st event, Trey Hill of Maryland will also offer a great look at management in a state with high regulatory and social pressure on conservation systems. “Being pro-environment is every bit as much of a business plan as it is a philosophy,” Hill explained.Farmers and those generally interested in conversation practices can register by visiting https://bit.ly/2G4esmpLocation of the field days will be held at Wenning Farms, 1512 N County Road 80 NE, Greensburg, IN 47240.The Soil and Water Conservation Society (SWCS) is a non-profit scientific and educational organization of professional conservationists. SWCS serves as an advocate for the conservation professional and for science-based conservation policy. By Hoosier Ag Today – Jul 20, 2019 Facebook Twitter SHARE Facebook Twitter Previous articleHeat Challenging Corn Crop Whether the Feet are Wet or Dry on the HAT Friday Morning EditionNext articleIndiana State Department of Agriculture Adds Staff Hoosier Ag Today ‘Learn How to Protect Your Farm from Erosion’ Events Coming to Greensburg
News News Follow the news on Israel Organisation IsraelMiddle East – North Africa Reporters Without Borders is shocked by a raid by Israeli security forces two days ago on a Palestinian radio, television and online media network set up by Al-Quds University in East Jerusalem.“With this illegal intrusion into the premises of media organizations in illegally occupied and annexed Palestinian territory, Israeli forces have once again flouted international law with impunity,” Reporters Without Borders said.“They are doing all they can to prevent the establishment of a free and independent Palestinian media in occupied Palestinian territory, in East Jerusalem in particular.”The press freedom organization demands the Al-Quds University community network be allowed to reopen. In the early afternoon, dozens of Israeli police officers invaded the offices of the media centre in the Al-Khaldyeh district of East Jerusalem. The network is part of the university’s Institute of Modern Media, and comprises the radio station Houna Al-Quds and a news agency with the same name, The raid took place on the day of the launch ceremony for the Jerusalem-based multimedia community network. A simultaneous transmission from Ramallah and Jerusalem via Skye was cut off. Police seized equipment and private files and arrested two employees, Adel Ruished and Mohannad Izheman, who were released later.The Quds Net News Agency has posted photographs of the operation on its website.The network’s editor, Mohammad Abu Arqub, told Agence France-Presse the police said the operation was a result of an order signed by Israel’s internal security minister stating that the media network was linked to the Palestinian Authority, which is banned from any activity in the city by Israeli law.Thus the Israeli leadership has found a legal loophole justifying the closure, which is illegal under international law.In a statement, Al-Quds University denied that the media network was linked to the Palestinian Authority.By using this false pretext, the Israeli authorities aim to discredit Palestinian media outlets and justify restricting press freedom. The assault took place a month after a raid by Israeli troops on two Palestinian TV stations, Al-Watan and Al-Quds Educational TV – also linked to Al-Quds University — on 29 February in Ramallah, a city under the control of the Palestinian Authority. The two stations were forced to close as a result.Israeli authorities said the raids were carried out on two “pirate” TV stations broadcasting without licences.Reporters Without Borders also deplores the arrest by Israeli troops in the West Bank city of Nablus yesterday of Muhammad Anwar Muna, a 30-year-old Palestinian reporter for the news agency Quds Press. It was the fourth time he had been arrested and he has spent a total of more than four years behind bars.Reporters Without Border notes that many journalists are detained in Israeli prisons. Israel now holding 13 Palestinian journalists IsraelMiddle East – North Africa Related documents Illegal action by Israeli authorities shuts down Palestinian media centre – Arabic versionPDF – 36.93 KB May 28, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts to go further News June 3, 2021 Find out more RSF_en News WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists Help by sharing this information April 4, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Illegal action by Israeli authorities shuts down Palestinian media centre RSF asks ICC prosecutor to say whether Israeli airstrikes on media in Gaza constitute war crimes May 16, 2021 Find out more
HerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Questions To Start Conversation Way Better Than ‘How U Doing?’HerbeautyHerbeauty Make a comment 4 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News Community News Community News Subscribe Education Pasadena Unified Adopts $174 Million Budget District Facing Cuts in Excess of $15 Million if November Initiatives Fail Published on Thursday, June 28, 2012 | 5:51 am Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena With continuing uncertainties as to the amount of money the district will receive from the state this year, the Pasadena Unified School District (PUSD) Board of Education on June 26 formally ratified a $174 million operating budget for the 2012-2013 year that includes $7.3 million in cuts and one-time savings. This budget hinges on the outcome of the education tax initiatives in the November election. If these measures fail, an estimated additional $7.8 million in mid-year reductions would take effect, drastically impacting staffing and programs and forcing the district to shorten the school year.The budget we passed highlights the importance of one or both education related initiatives passing in November,” said PUSD Board President Renatta Cooper. “I shudder to think what this district might look like if the initiatives fail. I am counting on the voting public to recognize the great divide between what the public expects schools to deliver and the actual funds we receive.”It is the fifth consecutive year that PUSD has sustained cuts in funding because of the ongoing state budget crisis. Funding that the district receives from the state is at pre-2006 levels. If the Governor enacts mid-year cuts upon the failure of the ballot initiatives then funding levels for PUSD would be at pre-2004 levels. The district enters the new fiscal year already looking ahead to 2013-2014. Current budget projections for 2013-2014 show a deficit of $7.3 million even if the initiatives pass in November.“This budget is a difficult pill to swallow for the entire PUSD family,” said PUSD Superintendent Jon R. Gundry. “Although we tried to find ways to limit the impact on instruction, there is no way to keep the budget cuts away from the classroom. I thank the bargaining units that have agreed to furloughs and other sacrifices if the November initiatives fail. I hope our other bargaining units will follow suit soon.”Teamsters Local 911, representing custodians, painters, maintenance and operations, food service and warehouse workers, and the Association of Pasadena School Administrators (APSA) have agreed to furloughs should the initiatives not pass. California School Employees Association Local 434, representing office workers and instructional aides, has informed their members that they will hold firm until after the November election in negotiations with the District. PUSD has declared an impasse after failing to come to an agreement with United Teachers of Pasadena (UTP) in negotiations over health and welfare benefits for the 2011-2012 school year. The District hopes to continue negotiations with UTP and CSEA as soon as possible to achieve some certainty for their members and the district.Superintendent Gundry added, “We will continue to closely monitor our expenses and make modifications if they become warranted.”The PUSD 2012-2013 All Funds Budget and the Budget Reduction Plan outlining the cuts and one-time savings can be viewed at pusdbudget.pasadenausd.org. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy First Heatwave Expected Next Week Top of the News More Cool Stuff faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,PCC – EducationVirtual Schools PasadenaDarrell Done EducationHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Print Facebook Linkedin Advertisement Twitter WhatsApp TWO people remain in custody after gardai stopped a car with two people on the outskirts of Gort, Co Galway this Tuesday in which half a million euro worth of drugs were seized. The haul is as a result of a joint operation between the Garda National Drugs Unit, Galway Gardai, and Revenue’s Customs Service. It is part of investigations into organised crime gangs in Limerick and Galway.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up During the course of the search, seven kilos of cocaine (subject to analysis) with an estimated street value of €500,000 were seized. Two people were arrested a male 39yrs and a 24 yr old female. Both are being detained in Galway Garda Station under the provisions of Section 2 of the Criminal Justice (Drug Trafficking) Act 1996 as amended.As part of a follow up operation Gardai searched two houses in Moycullen, Co.Galway.€100,000 in cash was recovered in one of the houses.The two people arrested in relation to the drugs seizure remain in custody and the operation is on going. Email NewsLocal NewsTwo held in connection with cocaine seizureBy admin – November 2, 2010 516 Previous articleStork celebrates 90 Years at the heart of home bakingNext articleChamber back Brosnan report admin
Local News By admin – February 20, 2018 Permian Panthers’ Ozzy Terrazas (24) looks to pass the ball as against Odessa High Bronchos’ Memo Anaya (32) Friday night in the OHS Field House. Take a look at the news in and around Odessa on Tuesday, Feb. 20. Find complete local news coverage in the Odessa American every day, online at oaoa.com and our daily E-Edition at myoaoa.com.1. The Odessa Police Department is investigating a northeast Odessa Sunday night shooting that left a 20-year-old man dead after police say he forced his way inside of an apartment.2. Students at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin STEM Academy got a glimpse of U.S. Rep. Mike Conaway as a person Monday when he talked to them about his background and took questions.3. A 15-year-old suspect has been arrested and charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon, a second-degree felony, following a stabbing at Permian High School on Monday.4. Odessa Fire Rescue is investigating a house fire that caused the death of one woman Sunday.5. IN SPORTS: The Permian Panthers (28-3) open the Class 6A boys basketball playoffs with a bi-district matchup against El Paso Coronado (18-11) at 6 p.m. Tuesday at Pecos High School. The Odessa High Bronchos are back in the boys basketball playoffs after a one-year absence, and this time they want to hang around for a while. Five things you need to know today, Feb. 20 WhatsApp Pinterest Previous articleCandidate forums set for WednesdayNext articleGUEST VIEW: Replacing property taxes with higher sales taxes doesn’t add up for Texans admin Facebook Twitter Twitter Facebook Pinterest WhatsApp
ColumnsThe Deontological Ethics Of “Polluter Pays Principle” Aaliya Waziri17 Sep 2020 10:30 PMShare This – xLet me begin by asserting that there is an inexplicable thread that links human beings with the environment. Once we accept this fact, a translucent picture emerges. It might be prudent to state that the law, in all its glory, is sane, rational and logical (if not natural). One may argue that the aforementioned words are synonyms of each other; however, the larger point I am trying…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginLet me begin by asserting that there is an inexplicable thread that links human beings with the environment. Once we accept this fact, a translucent picture emerges. It might be prudent to state that the law, in all its glory, is sane, rational and logical (if not natural). One may argue that the aforementioned words are synonyms of each other; however, the larger point I am trying to make is that law stays true to its name when it produces a logical result through coherent and, legally tenable, reasoning. Similarly, the law protecting the environment, like any other law, must seem natural in the sense of being judicious. That is to say that the Kantian end it seeks to achieve (namely the idea of treating people as an end in themselves instead of a means to reaching the end, as elucidated by the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant) or the mischief law seeks to avoid, must be tenable in the eyes of law and well thought out. Once the established law, or a judicial decision forming the basis of a law, seems to flow naturally as a solution to the difficulty presented before it, the execution of such a law becomes easier. That is perhaps the foremost reason I have chosen the case of Samir Mehta vs. Union of India. It was decided by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) of India in 2016 and remains India’s sole case law sufficiently in line with the ‘extended responsibility’ principle of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). An incident of marine oil spillage into the Arabian Sea made the National Green Tribunal reiterate and employ into the Indian scenario a universally-accepted rule known as the Polluter Pays Principle. The pivot on which this principle revolves is that any entity responsible for causing damage to the environment, in any capacity, must bear the price of such damage. The reason this judgment ‘spoke’ to me was because despite a varied set of parties trying their best to shirk off responsibility and prove no liability on their part, the NGT ,creases away all confusion and defines with surgical precision on whom the liability falls. It is not often that in a country like ours, gigantic domestic and multinational corporations are held accountable for the damage they cause to the environment; this is one such shining example of our courts doing just that. The corporation responsible for shipping (Delta group,) as well as the Adani group whom the shipment was supplied for, were both held liable to pay compensation to the Indian government (more particularly the Ministry of Shipping which cleaned the spillage). As students of law we often witness environmental offenders getting away with catastrophic damage to the environment by slipping into the cracks between central, state and Tribunal legislations. This is not an example of one of those unfortunate incidents. Perhaps the foremost issue a court must examine is whether it has jurisdiction to try the petition presented before it. Time and again specialized environmental courts have raised a white flag due to lack of proper jurisdiction to try the matter. However, in the Samir Mehta case the NGT held that despite the fact that actual spillage occurred 20 nautical miles off the Indian coast (and since India has territorial jurisdiction only up to 12 nautical miles, beyond which lie international waters) the Indian Maritime Act bestows upon the NGT powers to “preserve and protect maritime environment” which makes the said tribunal perfectly competent to try the said matter. Considering the amount of damages that both Adani Group (Rs 5 crore) and the Delta Group (Rs 100 crore) were ordered to pay to the Ministry of Shipping, it is difficult to imagine a scenario wherein the NGT was unable to unearth its jurisdiction to try the matter at hand, it would have taken several years for the said petition to be listed and presented before the Supreme Court, and that would have only distanced India as a country in recognizing this simple and rather eloquent principle which holds every polluter responsible for every inch of environmental pollution that they cause. Another reason why this particular judgment stands out from a sea of landmark, albeit inefficient judgments is, because although argued on facts and merits and less in terms of the law, this case-study makes a profound impact on our definition and understanding of maritime damage including loss and harm to ecology along with, and more specifically, consequent “restoration and restitution of the ecology”. When viewed through a kaleidoscope of review, we realize that the guns of this deterrent principle go into action whenever there is degradation or contamination or damage (however small) to water, soil or air. Additionally, unlike other torts-based remedies that environmental law relies upon to deter offenders, this principle is a lot more stringent than the strict liability rule in torts law and a lot more detailed than the notion of “joint and several liability”. That is to say, any party playing an active, as opposed to direct, role (including a far-fetched one) in damage to the environment will fall within the ambit of this principle. Having said that, both the aforementioned judgment and the “polluter pays principle” seem to fall within the larger realm of deontological ethics. The idea, as Immanuel Kant’s seminal work of moral philosophy, Kingdom of Ends, suggests, is simple: “treat each man as an end in himself and never as a means only”. For the purpose of environmental law wherein the term ‘environment’ includes all biotic and abiotic beings, let us replace the word ‘man’, used by Kant, with ‘environment’ so as to avoid confusion. Following that trail of logic, we arrive at the conclusion that were we not only to treat with respect every aspect of what connotes ‘environment’, we are also to assume accountability for such disregard. To add to this mix is Kant’s broader ethical notion of “duty for the sake of duty” which entails that it is our duty to protect, preserve and act with kindness towards the environment not because of some theological or a virtue-based reason but because we are rational beings. Consequently, any such disregard or contempt of one’s duty is bound to attract a reprimand or penalty and thus emerges the “polluter pays principle”. Simply put, you have a duty to treat the environment, at large, as an end in itself and not as a means to further your end. Should you choose to disobey such a duty you are bound in the shackles of the polluter pays principle which asks you to pay for your divergence from the said duty (of preserving the environment).Views are personal only. (Aaliya Waziri is a lawyer at the High Court of Delhi)  MANU/GT/0104/2016 Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story