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Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Good health and good choices

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first_img Carbohydrates Fats Nutrients and Food Groups Good health starts with a good diet. The body needs nutrients in order to prevent malnutrition, which is a state of unhealthy tissues and organs due to faulty or inadequate nutrition. Nutrients required by the body can be found in the six food groups. A healthy combination of foods from these six food groups will provide us with the energy we need to live, grow, and repair ourselves. The food groups are: Staples Legumes Fruits Vegetables Fats and oils Foods from animals Nutrients are the substances in foods that are absorbed into the blood and transported to cells throughout the body. These nutrients are as follows: This is a substance called cellulose, which is found in plants. Fibre is part of a healthy diet and is found in vegetables, whole grain foods, and other cereals. It cannot be digested by the body but, it prevents constipation and bowel cancer. It absorbs poisonous waste from digested foods. This is needed for cell building, blood making, and for muscle and tissue repair and restoration. Proteins cannot be stored and are mainly found in the food from animals group. Examples are meat, dairy products, poultry, eggs, seafood, and legumes (peas, nuts, beans). The body can also use protein as energy. Proteins This is a source of energy. Carbs are found in sweet and starchy foods, i.e., the staple food group. Active sports persons need 60 per cent of their diet to be from carbohydrates. Meals high in carbohydrates are known as high-energy foods, e.g., rice, pasta, yam, corn, cereals, etc. Carbohydrates are broken down by the body into glucose. Excess glucose is then stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles. The World Health Organisation describes health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity”. Good health starts with making good choices, which leads to good health habits. Physical Health deals with maintaining the condition of your body, which requires the following: – Eating balanced meals – Engaging in physical activity – Practising good hygiene – Getting enough rest – Avoiding alcohol, drugs and smoking Mental health is the way that you cope with the demands of daily life and involves the following: – The ability to handle stress effectively and to solve problems – Openness to new ideas and new ways of doing things – The ability to adjust to change. Social health is defined by the way one interacts with people. How well an individual gets along with others is important to one’s overall sense of well-being. All parts of your health are equally important to overall wellness. Sports involvement is an excellent means of achieving overall wellness.center_img Fats are used as energy with a mixture of glycogen as it cannot be used on its own. The mixture depends on how intense the activity is and how long it will last. Fats are supplied from the fats and oils group and also from varying food from animals. It is also found in nuts and some plants. The wrong type of fats may lead to high cholesterol. fats are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol. Vitamins and Minerals Fibre Water This makes up 70 per cent of the body’s weight. It aids the digestive system. A lack of water could decrease the amount of food that is digested, resulting in fewer nutrients reaching the cells. Eight glasses of water must be consumed daily to replace water lost through sweating, urination, and breathing. The seven important nutrients must be part of the diet in the right proportions to make it balanced. Next Week: Foods for Health and Athletic Performance/ Eating Disorders HEALTH AND NUTRITION The body only requires a tiny amount of vitamins. Some vitamins like A and D can be stored in the liver. Some have to be consumed regularly, e.g. vitamin C. The body will excrete excess amounts. Minerals are just as important. Vitamins and minerals are found in all types of food but are particularly present in fruits and vegetables. Vitamin A promotes healthy eyes and skin Vitamin C strengthens the immune system Vitamin D promotes strong bones and teeth, and essential for absorption of calcium. Calcium promotes healthy teeth and bones Iron promotes blood production, prevents tiredness. Iodine promotes production of thyroxine hormone controls metabolic ratelast_img read more

Pastor charged for threatening, assaulting wife

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first_imgA 50-year-old pastor on Thursday appeared in the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts before Principle Magistrate Judy Latchman charged with assaulting and threatening his wife.Accused: Pastor Hansel CalestroHansel Calestro of Citrus Grove, Port Kaituma, North West District (NWD), Region One (Barima-Waini) denied that he unlawfully assaulted his wife, Della Calestro on August 13, 2018, while in Port Kaituma, NWD.In addition to the assault charge, the pastor was slapped with a threatening behaviour charge. Police stated that on August 12, 2018, while he was in the vicinity of Citrus Gove, he made used of threatening behaviour towards Calestro.According to the prosecution’s facts, the man and his wife have been married for the past 26 years and have seven children together. However, as the woman was about to move out of the couple’s martial home following a misunderstanding, he made use of threatening language against her.Further, the court heard that the man allegedly pushed the woman to the ground after they left the welfare office the following day.The unrepresented man in his defence told the court “I am so embarrassed, God knows”. He was granted bail in the sum of $30,000 and is expected to return to court on August 22.last_img read more

Bridging the public healthcare gap

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first_imgRay Maota Doctors who need valuable surgicalexperience can get it through AfricaHealth Placement.(Image: AHP)MEDIA CONTACTS• Retha GrobbelaarAHP: Media and Public Relations+ 27 11 328 1316Africa Health Placements (AHP) is a non-profit organisation determined to support and enhance healthcare systems in South Africa by finding, placing and retaining healthcare workers in rural and underserved areas.The organisation came about in 2005 to counter the brain drain that South Africa in particular was experiencing in the public health sector. A large number of medical professionals were pursuing private sector opportunities in some of the world’s more lucrative industries.Over 2 000 healthcare workers have been placed so far in predominantly rural areas, with almost half of these being local professionals.AHP gets funding from the US President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief; The Atlantic Philanthropies; and leading mining companies Anglo American and De Beers, as well as Discovery Health; West Pharmaceuticals and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.“We work in the public sector and are linked to the national department of health as well as its different provincial departments,” said Retha Grobbelaar, media and public relations officer of AHP.“This is in order to get an idea of where there are shortages of health practitioners and how we can help.”Grobelaar said that they tend to encourage the professionals they meet by reminding them of the reasons they entered into the profession. Their message is one of making a difference: the practitioners get the opportunity to expand on their medical experience and the impact of adjusting to a difference lifestyle means growth for them spiritually and for their careers.“We also try to make their transition smoother by doing administrative work for them like finding them accommodation, schools for those who have children and suitable peers with whom they can relax in their spare time if they need some.”According to AHP, as many as 50% of graduating health professionals in South Africa are likely to emigrate to foreign shores at some point in their career. To add to the woes of the public sector, 75% of those who remain in the country opt for private practice.“Africa’s greatest obstacle in the public (and particularly rural) healthcare environment is the lack of qualified professionals,” said Grobelaar.“Our aim is to fill the gaps, and ultimately to help people view the public health sector in a new light – as a truly viable and exciting career option.”Health practitioners who are recruited and placed within the AHP programme receive the standard government salaries for their work.Recruitment and placingThe programme offers a variety of contracts for professionals, ranging from permanent to part-time and voluntary placements.The processes are governed within the standards set by regulatory bodies such as the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) and the Foreign Workforce Management Programme.According to AHP, citizens from economically developed countries not on the G77 list – a coalition of 132 nations, all UN members, of which 77 are founding members of the group – may be called upon to write a proficiency examination if they would like to work in South Africa, depending on the country in which the qualification was issued.On the other hand, AHP has a policy of not recruiting candidates from G77 countries if those countries have a similarly desperate need for qualified professionals. The exception here is for those who would operate under a refugee status. The policy is in line with standards of the HPCSA.For local doctors applying for placement, permanent positions are available at levels one to three in public hospitals as well as in the NGO sector. Volunteer and temporary placements are also available.Requirements for foreign health practitioners applying can be found here.The great stories from doctors already placedDr Andrei Kirpichnikov from the Ukraine came to South Africa in 2007 seeking to further his surgical experience.After spending a year at the Tugela Ferry Hospital in rural KwaZulu-Natal, about three hours from Durban, he found another post at the East London Hospital Complex in the Eastern Cape.“I am definitely a better doctor now. I came to be trained and to do surgical procedures and I ended up staying,” said Kirpichnikov.Asked to give advice for doctors seeking experience in their field, Kirpichnikov described the experience as a unique opportunity.“There are wonderful hospitals, and if you are looking for experience, or if you want to be supervised, you will find it here. If you want to work independently in a rural setting, you will also find that.”Doctors Jenness Cameron from the UK and Anne Brouha from the US came to South Africa in August 2011. They hope to leave a successful ARV programme behind in the rural clinics surrounding the Rietvlei Hospital in KwaZulu-Natal when they leave South Africa at the end of June 2012.The two have been establishing ARV services in Rietvlei by training two nurses at each of its 13 clinics on how to administer ARV treatment.Cameron said: “HIV rates in rural KZN are very high. We’ve put hundreds on treatment and there are always more who desperately need it.”She also found the experience rewarding, especially the opportunity to train the local nurses.“You feel like you are leaving something behind that will carry on. You are not just seeing patients. It’s been an amazing experience and I love working with the people,” said Cameron.last_img read more

Geocachers climb Mt. Fuji to Cache In Trash Out (CITO)

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first_imgMt. Fuji, outside of Toyko Japan, reaches 3,776 m (12,388 ft.) into the sky, but is still not immune from the trash found at lower elevations.  Geocacher atstgm helped organize an ascent of Mt. Fuji to complete a grueling Cache In Trash Out (CITO) tour.Mt. Fuji CITOArmed with garbage bags more than a dozen geocachers started hiking up the tallest mountain in Japan at 11:00am on September 3rd.They stayed over night at a staging area, then began hiking again in the predawn darkness at 1:30am on the 4th.Mt. Fuji CITO LogbookThe group reached the summit of Mt. Fuji around 5am and began the CITO event by picking up bags full of trash.  They also searched for the five geocaches along the route and at the summit.  Watch this raw video of the ambition climb.Check out the events calender to see if there’s a CITO event near you.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedGeocaching atop Mt. FujiNovember 22, 2015In “Community”Groundspeak Weekly Newsletter – April 18, 2012April 18, 2012In “Cache In Trash Out”Add CITO to Your Geocaching VocabularySeptember 29, 2014In “Community”last_img read more

BP Exec to Brave YouTube Questions Live Tomorrow

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first_imgchris cameron Related Posts YouTube has been making use of the opportunity created by the public interest in the oil spill to provide various platforms for voicing opinions and questions. YouTube not only streamed President Obama’s oval office speech on the spill, but also held a similar Moderator-based Q&A with White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs. For that session, YouTube says it tracked over 7,000 questions with nearly 200,000 votes.The continued use of Moderator and YouTube as a method for crowdsourced Q&A discussions is a great trend for the Web and for expressing opinions. Other sites like Digg have been hosting similar discussions with various luminaries where questions can be submitted and voted on. YouTube, however, has excelled at landing very high-profile and timely interviews – like the Gibbs interview and now the BP interview.It should be interesting to see which questions get voted highest by the YouTube audience since comments on the service (or most widely used Web services) are not known for their civility. I would assume the White House was able to approve which questions they were asked during the Gibbs interview, but BP’s executives may not be so lucky. They may, however, benefit from a very small window for submitting questions. The interview will be held tomorrow, July 1st, and will be conducted by NewsHour’s Ray Suarez. Ever since the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig and the subsequent and ongoing spilling of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, the public has been asking many questions. Who is to blame? How long will it take to stop the leak? How much irrevocable damage has been done? Thankfully, YouTube may be the best platform to get answers to these questions straight from the horse’s mouth.In collaboration with PBS NewsHour, YouTube is conducting an interview with British Petroleum (BP) Gulf Coast Restoration Organization CEO Bob Dudley in which he will answer questions directly from the YouTube audience. The questions can be submitted through Google Moderator on the CitizenTube channel where users can vote questions up and down – the best being chosen for the interview.“Now is your chance to ask BP questions on accountability, the clean-up plan, recovery efforts in the Gulf Region, environmental impact, the status of the relief well drilling, the role of the U.S. government, the future of offshore drilling and of BP as a company,” said YouTube in a blog post Wednesday. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#web#YouTube A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

NGT raps Ministry over groundwater notification

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first_imgThe National Green Tribunal on Tuesday rapped the Union Water Resources Ministry over its notification pertaining to groundwater extraction.A Bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel came down heavily on the Ministry and said that the notification, issued on December 12, was against “national interest”.No-objection certificateIn the notification, the Ministry had said that industries extracting groundwater and those that use the same for packaged drinking water, would need to apply for a no-objection certificate from the government. However, the agriculture sector will be exempt from the fees, the notification had said.The Ministry informed the Bench that a Water Conservation Fee has also been introduced in the revised guidelines.Water Conservation Fee “The WCF payable varies with the category of the area, type of industry and the quantum of groundwater extraction and is designed to progressively increase from over-exploited areas and from low to high water consuming industries as well as with increasing quantum of groundwater extraction,” read the affidavit submitted by the Ministry before the NGT.However, stating that merely imposing a cost was not enough to curb groundwater extraction, the green panel has asked other parties, including the petitioners, to put forth their suggestions and objections to the guidelines.While asking the petitioners to file their responses to the notification by January 2, the Tribunal added that a detailed order including the directions will be uploaded by the NGT by January 11.Earlier, the NGT had rapped the Central Ground Water Authority for failing to curb illegal extraction of groundwater and directed the Ministry to notify a policy by December 18.last_img read more

Government staff to take cleanliness pledge on Gandhi Jayanti

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first_imgFor the first time in the history of India, Gandhi Jayanti will not be a holiday for government staff who will have to report to work to take the ‘Swachch Shapath’.Cabinet Secretary Ajit Seth, on September 20, directed all central government secretaries to ensure that every employee takes the pledge on October 2, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The text of the pledge will soon be sent to all the departments.Besides this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken several steps to implement one of the biggest public campaigns for cleanliness. The minutes of meeting between Modi and 20 secretaries reveals that a new law may be enforced to ensure cleanliness. The prime minister has asked the law linistry to amend existing laws or to analyse whether a new Act is required to act against those who litter.The prime minister also directed the Finance Ministry to explore a taxation policy to keep a check on those who pollute.According to the minutes of meetings, Modi was of the opinion that dairies and cattle are major sources of garbage and pollution in urban areas and towns.Hence, he directed the animal husbandry department to consider setting up of cattle hostels. The prime minister asked his sub-ordinates to engage Bollywood celebrities in a big way to campaign for his ‘Swachch Bharat’ mission.Famous poets and singers should also be a part of the nationwide campaign that will begin on September 25, the prime minister said.A marathon will be organised by the sports ministry to create awareness about the cleanliness drive in every city with a population of over one lakh.advertisementThe Prime Minister further suggested the Department of School and Education to ensure questions on cleanliness in examinations.Meanwhile, prime minister Modi noted that he had undertaken plans to cleanse the political system and the administration machinery. “Now is the time to cleanse the nation. I want each one of you to contribute in every possible way. It is our vision to present a clean India to the outside world,” he asserted.Coming down heavily on the banking system, Modi wondered whether the banks served the purpose they were set up for. “We need inclusive growth. Our Jan Dhan sceheme will help us achieve it,” he said.last_img read more