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Sir Hilary: Protect Ja’s sporting tradition

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first_imgJamaican sport has reached a pinnacle of excellence which all Jamaicans have a collective responsibility to maintain and sustain.That was the message from Vice-Chancellor of the University of the West Indies, Professor Sir Hilary Beckles, who was guest speaker at Friday night’s RJR Sports Foundation Sportsman and Sportswoman of the Year Awards Ceremony at The Jamaica Pegasus hotel.”This extraordinary nation has made a most incredible contribution to sport,” Sir Hilary told the audience at the ceremony to honour Jamaica’s best in sport for 2015.Sir Hilary, who has an affinity to cricket in particular, noted that Jamaican sport history was unique in its style, quality, and performance, and its capacity to establish gender equality in the process.”Jamaica has done what many countries have aspired to do in many areas, but especially in sporting culture. This phenomenal achievement has been recognised and it has been respected,” he said.”There is a tradition of excellence in Jamaica, and this excellence has to be maintained and it has to be sustained. It must be institutionalised and it must be industrialised,” the Barbados-born educator said.some societies”If it is not institutionalised and industrialised it will be lost. I have seen how many nations have lost that excellence they have achieved,” Sir Hilary added.Sir Hilary used West Indies cricket as an example of a sport which had at one stage been excellent but later deteriorated dramatically.”In some societies it is considered a crime to lose that excellence,” he said.”This must never happen to Jamaican sport. I don’t wish to be writing in the closing stages of my career about the fall of Jamaican sport,” he added.”Every child in Jamaica must grow to see that things are designed in Jamaica, patented … exported from Jamaica, representing the legends in Jamaican sport. We are here to celebrate this monument. It must not fall.”Sir Hilary, who gained tenure at age 37, said the University of the West Indies had an important role to play in ensuring that Jamaican sport does not lose its value.”Research, innovation, bringing culture, manufacturing, finance, and technology together to sustain this incredible achievement,” he said.”We all have a responsibility. There has to be accountability. It must not be taken lightly. The efforts of generations must not be dashed overnight.”last_img read more

SA key as Africa moves centre stage

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first_imgClimate change and ‘biodiversity footprints’ It is fitting that Africa should play a key role in the search for a global trade-off on climate change, as Africa has the lightest carbon footprint of any region, yet stands to lose most from the impact of climate change. But there is a twist in the tail here. As the industrialised world focuses increasingly on management of the corporate carbon footprint, it may well be that the “biodiversity footprint” – which focuses on maintaining the balance in the entire eco-system – is even more relevant for Africa because of the greater diversity of species on the continent. It may therefore be a priority for African countries to re-consider their growth patterns in order to ensure the preservation of this diversity.Emerging market blocs China, South Africa, India and Turkey are now leading the way in the development of Africa, while traditional trading partners and investors – such as Britain, the US, France and Germany – battle to maintain their share of market. The new grouping of promising emerging markets known as the CIVETS – Columbia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa – already include two countries from the Africa continent. The rest will follow in time, starting with Mauritius, Namibia, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Zambia, Senegal, etc. Africa is fast approaching the tipping-point, but it has not quite registered in the industrialised club of nations. South Africa’s position as voice and advocate of the African cause in the shifting sands of global economic power and institutional reform now becomes even more critical as it takes its place both in the BRICS and the UN Security Council.South Africa’s trade shifts east, south As the shift in global economic power gains momentum, South Africa’s trade is moving eastwards and southwards in what has become a clear pattern which both reflects the global trend and is helping drive it. It is no coincidence that since the beginning of 2010, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma has paid his first state visits to India, Russia and China. In July 2010, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva paid his first state visit to South Africa following a working visit by Zuma earlier in the year. There is no doubt in the minds of either China or African nations that Zuma is speaking not only on behalf of South Africa but the whole African continent on these trips abroad. Even the notion that the much smaller South African economy could join four mega-economies in BRIC would have been unthinkable a decade ago. While attending a UN conference on trade and investment in Beijing in mid-September 2010, South African Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies said South Africa would prioritise China and India as export destinations of choice as these countries were now its biggest export markets. Two-way trade between China and SA reached R119.7-billion in 2009, surpassing the US as the country’s largest trading partner, according to South Africa’s Department of Trade and Industry. South Africa’s exports to India reached R5-billion in 2010, while imports totalled R2-billion, in favour of South Africa, the department’s trade statistics show.South Africa and China The fundamental shift in South Africa’s trading patterns was also clear from statements made by Zuma during and after his state visit to China in August. South Africa, Zuma said, would look to China for investment in meeting its infrastructure projects, including transport systems, freight transport, renewable energy projects and mining. The agricultural sector and car manufacturing were also potential recipients of Chinese investment. In the past three years, while the pace of Chinese investment has been slow, it has been strategic and clearly paving the way for accelerated investment in the future. In 2007, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) bought a 20% stake in South Africa’s Standard Bank for R36-billion, making it China’s largest foreign investment to date. In 2009, China announced that the African headquarters of the China-Africa fund would be in Johannesburg. China has more recently invested in a South African platinum mine and a cement factory, and one of the most concrete agreements emerging from the state visit to China in August was the intention to build a high-speed rail link between Durban and Johannesburg. But the most consistent message that Zuma conveyed during his state visits to China and Russia was that South Africa wanted to learn from both countries on how to ensure high levels of beneficiation of South African mineral wealth, to ensure that the country was able to speed up development, create more jobs and roll back poverty. Zuma also stressed that South Africa needs to balance its trade with China to reduce the heavy deficit in China’s favour. He also foresaw co-operation between the two countries in reforming the global architecture and multilateral institutions. The growing relationship with China is seen both as a means to boosting South Africa’s global trade and of accelerating the development of the Africa continent. With its world-class financial sector, deep experience in African markets and an extensive corporate footprint on the African continent, South Africa is well placed to lead an African miracle similar to China’s achievement over the past 30 years. John Battersby is UK Country Manager of the International Marketing Council of South Africa. Yingni Lu is a London-based business development professional specialising in clean technology and renewable energy. She writes for the online magazine ReconnectAfrica 26 January 2011 There are periods in the dynamics of global power when the shift in trends is of such a scale that it is almost impossible to perceive the full impact of the moment. This was certainly the case with the phenomenal rise of China as a major global economic power. And it is happening again with the rise of Africa as a priority investment destination, as it moves into a similar position that China was in three decades ago, when that country began opening its economy to global forces. The key elements in China’s economic miracle have been an integrated market, special economic zones with incentives for foreign investors, and widespread reform of the agricultural system, which has freed up more labour for economic development. Africa is moving in the right direction on these key elements, but there are fundamental differences with China, and the evolution of Africa’s economic miracle will be different. China’s lifting of 400-million people out of poverty in the space of three decades, maintaining 10% gross domestic product (GDP) growth for three decades, the helter-skelter rate of urbanisation at almost 20-million per year, and now the unprecedented growth of the middle-class – mainly took the West by surprise.Africa: the reality-perception gap Africa’s greatest disadvantage is probably in the area of perceptions. The huge deficit between the reality of Africa and the Western media’s obsession with negative stereotypes of conflict, famine and failed states undermine the continent’s potential. The mainstream media has dominated the grand narrative for the past four decades, and through selective – rather than inaccurate – reporting has buttressed Africa’s negative trends at the expense of its potential. But the reasons why Africa’s growing potential as an investment destination should be conventional wisdom are multiple: In the past few decades, Africa has taken significant strides towards more democratic governance, more transparent economic systems and eliminating some of the more crippling bureaucratic barriers to trade and investment. Although Africa still falls far short of constituting an integrated market, the trend toward integration and more transparency is undeniable.The invitation of South Africa to become the fifth member of the BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and the South African seat on the United Nations Security Council will ensure that Africa has a voice in all key global fora and will accelerate reform of the UN and global financial, developmental and trade architecture.The credit crunch and global economic recession have created a fundamental crisis of confidence in the international financial system, which has both removed any moral high ground that the Washington-consensus institutions had and opened the way for an ongoing review of the current architecture.The potential of Africa as an investment destination has been long recognised and supported both in terms of investment and soft loans by China – now the world’s second-largest economy – and with strategic investments from South Africa and rising economies such as India and Turkey.There is ample evidence of Africa’s potential to leap-frog constraints such as fixed-line telephones with the revolution of mobile technology in Africa. The next breakthrough will need to come in the field of energy and electricity provision. Africa’s hydro-electric potential could play a key role here.In a world where there is growing consensus that future wars will be fought over food and water resources – rather than territory or ideology – Africa is well-placed to play a key role with its huge water reserves and vast tracts of arable land.With a population approaching 1-billion, Africa represents the world’s third-largest market after China (1.3-billion) and India (1.1-billion) and is rich in largely unexploited mineral and natural resources.center_img South Africa played a key role in rescuing the 2009 climate change summit (COP15) in Copenhagen. There was enough progress at Cancun in Mexico at the end of 2010 to ensure that the next critical session of the COP17, in Durban in November 2011, could broker the breakthrough that world so badly needs.last_img read more

New law increases access to small claims court

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first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The Ohio General Assembly has enacted a law that raises the monetary limit for cases handled through Ohio’s small claims court system. The new maximum amount of $6,000 for a small claims case will replace the current limit of $3,000 when House Bill 387 becomes effective in late September. Under the new law, a defendant in the case may also file a counterclaim for up to $6,000. Governor Kasich signed the bill on June 28, 2016.Ohio law requires every county and municipal court in Ohio to establish a small claims division to handle minor disputes involving only the recovery of money. A small claims court cannot hear cases for slander, libel, malicious prosecution, abuse of process, return of personal property, punitive damages or other cases seeking remedies other than money. A person may file a small claims complaint and present the case in court without the assistance of an attorney, but may have legal representation if desired. The court may appoint a magistrate, who must be an attorney, to oversee the case and render a decision. The court also has the authority to enforce a monetary judgment against a party. Because small claims cases tend to be simple, they are resolved in less time and with less expense than cases heard by other courts.The increased monetary limit for small claims cases will allow farmers and agribusinesses to address more disputes quickly and without the expense of an attorney. Operators and landowners owed money for products or services in excess of the current $3,000 small claims maximum often express frustration that it could be too costly and time consuming to address the matter through municipal or county courts. The new higher limit of $6,000 should capture many of these cases and offer an opportunity to recover such losses through the small claims process. According to the bill’s sponsor, Rep. Lou Terhar (R-Cincinnati), the change will “bring Ohio in line with surrounding states and make Ohio a better place to do business and generate jobs.”last_img read more

Search: Can new products change the status quo?

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first_imgWhile Internet-based search is dominated by Google, Enterprise search has no one clear leader.  FAST, Autonomy and Endeca all offer strong performances.  But this space is moving at a rapid pace.  A number of announcements over the past month show that many vendors are vying for positions in this lucrative technology. Money continues to flow into search startups.  The Northern Venture Capital Association reports that $350 million has been spent since 2004 in funding 79 new startups that are targeting some aspect of Internet Search.  But as of November 2006, of these new ventures, none had more than a 1% share of the Internet search market.  Clearly breaking into this market is hard to do.  Just ask Microsoft.Over the holidays there was also news about a new search engine that targeted Google planned by James Wales, founder of the Wikipedia project.  The new project has been dubbed Wikiasari, a combination of wiki, the Hawaiian word for quick, and asari, Japanese for a ‘rummaging search’.  The idea of Wikiasari is to leverage Open Source technology tools like Nutch and Lucene and to blend in community participation to directly influence the relevancy of the search results.  Amazon is involved in some of the funding behind the project.On January 1st, the New York Times ran an article about a company called PowerSet which also targets Google and seeks to beat them by creating unique natural language processing algorithms. And Barry Diller, CEO of $11 Billion IAC/InterActive, is also reportedly trying to one-up Google with investments in the competing Ask.com search engine, although running at a distant fifth place in market share behind Google, Yahoo!, Microsoft and AOL.There have been many announcements related to enterprise search.  One trend in the activity is to provide unified Internet/Enterprise search.  Google announced an update of their Enterprise Search applicance with new features before the end of January.In mid-December, IBM and Yahoo! announced a ‘free’ Internet/Enterprise search product based on the Yahoo! UI that targets departments and enterprises for finding information in both the organization or on the web.  The technology is based on IBM’s Open Source OmniFind software and uses the Open Source Lucene product.  The enterprise search component is limited to 500,000 documents.Not to be overlooked is some of the work that Microsoft is doing.  They continue to trail, but with new leadership and lot of cash, they may be able to turn things around.  With the introduction of SharePoint 2007, Microsoft introduced their Sharepoint Server for Search, capable of Internet/Enterprise search.The search market is changing, but whether new leaders will emerge is yet to be seen.last_img read more

How to Find Your Most Important Fans

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first_imgRelated Posts How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Why You Love Online Quizzes Tags:#APIs#Big Data#hack#Services Word of mouth is an incredibly powerful marketing tool, but how do you work out which customers are most important in spreading your message? Services like PeerIndex or Klout help you find experts and influencers in particular communities, but can’t measure what people have actually done for your business. The new Vipli.st service from Awe.sm aims to fill this gap by uncovering the fans who drive the most sharing.Launched at the Strata Startup Showcase last week, the site visualizes how Plancast events are shared across social networks like Twitter and Facebook. It draws a tree showing the first person to create a plan, with links below to everyone who added themselves as attendees after clicking on that link, downwards through the entire history of the conversation around the event. Here’s what it looks like for a SXSW Lean Startup plan:The number next to each name shows how many attendees each person helped to sign up. Eric Ries is responsible for bringing in 10 attendees, which is no surprise since he’s the best-known evangelist for the Lean Startup movement. How about Melissa Grody of 500Startups though? Despite having a pretty low-key Twitter account with just over a hundred followers, she’s indirectly responsible for four signups, thanks to Patrick Vlaskovits picking up her tweet. Broad influence measuring services would never flag her role, but Vipli.st makes it possible to spot and recognize fans like her who are key to spreading the word.The service was created by the Awe.sm team, and uses the same API that’s available to third-party developers to gather the data it needs. To create the family tree of which attendees were driven by which fans, Plancast uses Awe.sm to create a new URL for each attendee that signs up, including a unique parameter that marks which user is sending out the plan. That parameter is also stored in Plancast’s database, so when another user clicks on that special URL, it’s possible to tell which person sent them to the site.Awe.sm’s co-founder Jonathan Strauss thinks that this sort of performance-based measurement is going to be a crucial tool for anyone marketing using social tools: If all you want to do is reach people, direct marketing through email is a great channel. What’s different about social tools like Twitter and Facebook are the retweet and like buttons, since users are far more likely to click them than they are to forward an email. The real value of social networks is in the sharing.Plancast’s Mark Hendrickson explained why this was so important to their business. The whole idea behind our site is to help people hear about events through their friends. Vipli.st is the first time we’ve been able to visualize how that’s happening in any kind of detail.To explain how this could be useful to other businesses, Strauss pointed to one of Awe.sm’s customers, the music store creator TopSpin (which markets online for artists like Eminem, Brian Eno and the Beastie Boys). Bands would love to uncover their most important fans, the ones who do the most to spread the word about their albums and concerts. Right now they can spot the big individual spenders, but not the penniless student who can’t afford the deluxe $250 box set, but who persuades all her friends to buy the new album. She’s the one they should really be inviting to their velvet-rope launch events, since she’s doing far more to make them a success.Strauss thinks broader measures of influence are still useful for brand-building, but that laser-focused performance metrics will become increasingly important to social marketers. “To understand how your social campaign is working, you need to understand how your message is being passed on down the chain”. He and his team built the Vipli.st service to prove how easy it was to gather the data with Awe.sm and turn it into an actionable story. It’s based completely on its public API, and Strauss is keen to work with any external developers who would like to do something similar with their own site.I’m fascinated by the stories that this sort of analysis of public conversations will be able to tell us. By uncovering the hidden influencers within communities, hopefully we’ll be able to reward some of the unfairly neglected true fans too.center_img Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… pete wardenlast_img read more

Second Blogger to Ever Die in Prison: This Week in Online Tyranny

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first_imgcurt hopkins Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Bahraini blogger dies in custody. In the midst of protests in that Gulf country that have already seen casualties, and following the arrest of a poet, Bahraini blogger Zakariya Rashid Hassan al-Ashiri died Saturday while in custody of the country’s security services.According to Al Jazeera, the official statement said that al-Ashiri was “held since the second of this month on charges of inciting hatred against the regime and the promotion of sectarian” and his death was a result of “sickle cell anemia.” His family vehemently denied he had this condition. Al-Ashiri follows Omid Reza Misayafi, the Iranian blogger, who died from neglect (at least) two years ago, as the second blogger to die in custody.According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, the diagnosis was contested by his family. There are also photos alleged to be of al-Ashir, that indicate he was beaten to death. (These are terrible photos. Be warned.) The man responsible for posting the photos, Nabeel Rajab, was subsequently arrested by the Bahrain government for allegedly doctoring them. Russia creates citizen Internet cop corps. Lifting a page from the Chinese playbook, the three major Russian ISPs have created a “League of Internet Safety.” Naturally, they are focusing on child pornography, or more accurately, child pornography is their cover. Given the “30 Ruble Army,” a group of paid pro-government Web commenters and the recent possibly government-driven DDoS on LiveJournal, it’s quite certain that not only is this government-sanctioned, it is designed to punish anyone who criticises the government online. Dubai arrests blogger. In what may be the first blogger arrest in that emirate, Dubai has arrested Ahmed Mansur, a blogger who urged reform, including additional elections. Mansur’s comments are in keeping with protests in nearby Bahrain and other Arab states.Egyptian blogger sentenced for criticizing the military. For the first time since Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak was chased from power, a blogger has been sentenced to a jail term. Maikel Nabil Sanad Ibrahim, a veterinarian, blogger and conscientious objector, has been sentenced to three years in prison for criticizing the military. Maikel Nabil was arrested last month, amid violence directed by the military, or elements of the military, against those protesters who remained in Tahrir Square in Cairo.250,000 Chinese Facebook users disappear in one day. On April 5th, two days after the arrest of artist and architect Ai Weiwei, 250,000 Facebook users disappeared, according to Shanghaist. Citing data from SocialBakers, a Facebook metrics site, they discovered not a tapering off, as of loss of interest, but a sudden, instantaneous drop-off.Two things are contemporary with this unexplained decline: the arrest of Ai Weiwei amid an overall crackdown on dissidence and dissidents, and Facebook’s negotiations to create a Chinese social network with search giant Baidu.Dubai photo by Keith Parker A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img Related Posts Tags:#TWiOT#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Six GSAT Students Score 100% in All Subject Areas

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first_img Minister of Education, Youth and Information, Senator the Hon. Ruel Reid, made the announcement at the National GSAT Awards Ceremony, which was held at the National Arena on Thursday (June 21). “Two are from Emanuel Christian Academy and one each from Kensington Primary School, Stella Maris Prep School, Meadowbrook Prep School and St. Hugh’s Prep School,” Senator Reid said. Story Highlights Six students – three boys and three girls – scored 100 per cent in all subject areas of the Grade Six Achievement Test (GSAT), which was conducted in March. Six students – three boys and three girls – scored 100 per cent in all subject areas of the Grade Six Achievement Test (GSAT), which was conducted in March.Minister of Education, Youth and Information, Senator the Hon. Ruel Reid, made the announcement at the National GSAT Awards Ceremony, which was held at the National Arena on Thursday (June 21).“Two are from Emanuel Christian Academy and one each from Kensington Primary School, Stella Maris Prep School, Meadowbrook Prep School and St. Hugh’s Prep School,” Senator Reid said.The six students were awarded at the ceremony, along with the other 994 top-performing students from all 14 parishes.“Today is a day of special celebrations as we say ‘Big up!’ to you, our top-1,000 students from across the island. We at the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information want to do something special to recognise your hard work, dedication and success,” the Minister said.“We are also recognising the school administrators who were instrumental in the process. Of course, we celebrate with you parents as well, as we know the pride and joy you feel in your children doing well,” he added.Senator Reid encouraged the youth to continue striving for excellence at the secondary level, as it is their performance that will contribute to the growth and development of the nation.“Awardees, as you make the transition from the primary level to high school, I urge you to remain focused. The challenges you will face will be greater than those you have faced over the past six years,” he said.“I am confident, however, that in the same way you managed to overcome past challenges, you will also manage the new ones that lie ahead,” the Minister said.That was the last staging of the GSAT by the Ministry, as in the next academic year, the Primary Exit Profile (PEP) will replace GSAT as the national examination that will determine grade-six students’ placement at the secondary level.PEP is intended to provide a better and more complete profile of students’ academic and critical-thinking capabilities at the end of primary-level education. It will comprise a Performance Task Test, an Ability Task Test and a Curriculum-based Test.The PEP will be rolled out on a phased basis beginning in September 2018, with students who are now in grade five as the first cohort. They will do only the Grade Six components in 2019.Students who are currently in grade four will do their Grade Five Performance Task in 2019, and in 2020 they will do the Grade Six components.Students who are currently in grade three will be the first cohort that will have a complete profile generated. This means that they will do the Grade Four Performance Task section in 2019, Grade Five Performance Task in 2020 and all Grade Six components in 2021.The PEP grades will be made available to schools in the third week of June every year.last_img read more

Money and Power Why a band council in BC wants to keep

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first_imgAn aerial view of Peters First Nation in British Columbia. Kenneth Jackson APTN News A band council in British Columbia is trying to keep extended family from becoming members of the community because it fears having to share its pipeline money, according to Federal Court documents.New members could also drastically change band elections that are already razor thin in favour of the current council.That’s why the band council of Peters First Nation is asking the Federal Court to rule against allowing three people, who have status through Peters, to become members of the band.They are also cousins of members of the band council.The band council argues the three are just the “tip of the iceberg” as dozens more lay in wait to be members of the small reserve about two hours east of Vancouver between Hope and Chilliwack on Hwy. 1.“It would mean that any monies received from the use of Peters reserve lands, such as the Trans Mountain pipeline, would have to be shared with a large (number) of people who do not live on, and have no, or very little, connection to the reserve,” the band council states.All the people, about 60 or more, share the same bloodlines as the three-person council of Chief Norma Webb, Coun. Victoria Peters and Coun. David Peters.The two councillor positions were decided by two votes and chief by four votes in the last election.Just the group of three could partially achieve a change in power. But if the others, who are scattered all along the Fraser Valley, were to become members then the current council could be voted out.“This would almost certainly have a dramatic effect on the governance of Peters,” council argues.Victoria Peters, who has several jobs besides being a longtime councillor, including the band manager, health director and book keeper, stated in an affidavit that they will be “swamped with new members”.“Those people would be a great burden to Peters who has very limited resources and no land for them to live on,” stated Victoria Peters.What is a natural child?Over 1,000 pages of evidence and arguments were filed in Federal Court in November to essentially answer one question: What is a natural child?Peters controls its own membership as a Section 10 band, after the former Indian Affairs department approved a membership code in 1987.In depth: Promise to dying mother sees daughter take on ‘rigged’ band council to bring her family homeThe custom code lists several ways one can be a member, including the natural child rule which states: Everyone who is a natural child of a parent whose name is registered on the Band list.But the band council has determined that to be anyone under the age of 18. If someone is an adult, despite their parent being a member, they are not automatically members.That was its reasoning behind rejecting the membership applications last year of Guy Peters, 52, Brandon Engstrom, 26, and Amber Ragan, 21.They filed for a judicial review as a group in December 2016.Guy Peters, left, and his father Robert Peters walk along Robert’s driveway on Peters First Nation. Luke Smith/APTN photoAPTN News has been following the membership battle since January and this is the first time the band council’s position has been made public, despite repeated requests from APTN for comment.While this case has made its way through the courts, the RCMP has launched an investigation into band council for alleged misappropriation of funds and KPMG started a financial review last May following reports by APTN.APTN reported that over 90 per cent of all funds allocated to band members went to those who vote for council.Related: APTN opens the books on Peters reserve, finds questionable payments, INAC’s role in questionGuy Peters’ father is Robert Peters who is a lifelong member and one of the elders. Guy Peters’ brother, Dwayne Peters is also a member and the father of Engstrom and Ragan.They have not asked for land as part of their case, but say they can inherit land from Robert Peters but first they need to be members.“As the Applicants met the automatic criteria for membership, the Band Council’s Decision to reject the Applicants’ membership applications was an error of law,” they argue.The band council argues it is allowed to make its own interpretation of the natural child rule.However, the code doesn’t specify an age requirement. It does state that if the band council wants to amend the code it needs three quarters of the band membership to do so.Since 1990, there have been no changes to the code.“The scheme of the Membership Code supports the Applicants position that the Band Council has no discretion to apply other criteria. Under the Code, Band Council cannot change the Membership Criteria without community approval,” the applicants argue.“In rejecting the Applicants’ membership applications, the Band Council acted outside its authority by disregarding the membership criteria set out in the Membership Code and applying its own membership criteria.”The band council argues their rational of the natural child rule is “reasonable.”“This is consistent with the practice observed by the Respondents and reasonable given the possible consequences,” the council wrote.The consequences involve the loss of land, money and, potentially, power.It’s not about land, but acceptance.In 2012, more than 60 people applied to be members and most of them have status through Peters, like the group of three.Not one was accepted.Related: Elder died wanting to be member of reserve she was born onBesides the group of three there are another nine with membership applications currently waiting for a decision by the band council.One of those people is Carol Raymond.Raymond’s father, Joseph Lorezetto, is buried in the cemetery on Peters, as is his mother and grandparents.“I just want to be accepted,” Raymond, 74, told APTN in February. “If I am only recognized as who I am, that has always been my thing.”She also has not asked for land and said she made it clear she will not.Carol Raymond fights tears trying to explain what it means to be excluded from Peters First Nation where her family is buried.But there is also the wife and children of Edward Peters, 75, the oldest member of Peters. The band council has refused to accept his family as members.Edward Peters has land but can’t leave it to his children because they are not members.The group of three hope to change that.“The Band Council did not review the Applications in good faith but have instead focused on advancing their own interests,” the applicants argue.A hearing is expected to be scheduled in the New Year.“This is not a hard case,” the applicants say.APTN’s complete archive on Peters First Nation can be found here.kjackson@aptn.calast_img read more